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Vol. 26. Issue 2.
Pages 132-142 (July - December 2021)
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Vol. 26. Issue 2.
Pages 132-142 (July - December 2021)
Original
Improvement of attention and stress levels in students through a Mindfulness intervention program
Mejora de los niveles de atención y estrés en los estudiantes a través de un programa de intervención Mindfulness
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Antonio Baena-Extremeraa, María del Mar Ortiz-Camachoa, Alba M. Marfil-Sáncheza, Antonio Granero-Gallegosb,
Corresponding author
agranero@ual.es

Corresponding author.
a Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Granada, Spain
b Faculty of Education, Sciences and Health Investigation Centre, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Schools description
Table 2. Distribution of the groups and the teachers
Table 3. Descriptive data of the IECI and d2 variables
Table 4. Results of the experimental groups
Chart 1. Description of the intervention according to the TIDIER guide
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Abstract

Mindfulness is the quality of being conscious and aware of the present moment harmonizing mind and body. This study presents a six-week intervention program carried out in four educational establishments in Granada with 5th and 6th grade primary school students and 1st, 2nd and 3rd year secondary school students. The aim was to find out whether Mindfulness has positive effects in terms of improving students’ attention and reducing stress. The samples were 320 students; a quasi-experimental design was used. We collected socio-demographic and family data and carried out a pre-test to measure the attention variable by means of the d2 questionnaire and the stress variable with the Inventory Questionnaire of Childhood Stress. Following the intervention, we carried out a post-test using the same instruments. A mixed linear model was used to study the effects of the Mindfulness program. The results show that applying a Mindfulness program improves attention and reduces stress in these students, with differences by sex, school- and ages.

Keywords:
awareness
education
attention control
stress control
Resumen

El Mindfulness es la cualidad de ser consciente del momento presente armonizando mente y cuerpo. Este estudio presenta un programa de intervención de seis semanas que se ha realizado en cuatro centros educativos de Granada con alumnado de 5º y 6º de Primaria y 1º, 2º y 3º de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria. El objetivo ha sido comprobar si el Mindfulness presenta efectos positivos en la mejora de la atención y la reducción del estrés del alumnado. La muestra es de 320 estudiantes y se ha utilizado un diseño cuasi-experimental de investigación. Se han recabado datos sociodemográficos y familiares, y se ha realizado un pre-test para medir la atención mediante el cuestionario d2 y el estrés con el Inventory Questionnaire of Childhood Stress. Tras la intervención, se ha realizado un postest con los mismos instrumentos. Para analizar los efectos de la intervención se ha utilizado un modelo lineal mixto. Los resultados muestran que la aplicación de un programa de Mindfulness mejora la atención y reduce el estrés en estos estudiantes, con diferencias por sexo, centro educativo y edad.

Palabras clave:
conciencia
educación
control de la atención
control de estrés

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