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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 86-93 (July - December 2018)
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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 86-93 (July - December 2018)
Original
Social and Emotional Competencies in Adolescents Involved in Different Bullying and Cyberbullying Roles
Competencias sociales y emocionales de adolescentes involucrados en diferentes roles de bullying y cyberbullying
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Izabela Zych
Corresponding author
izych@uco.es

Corresponding author.
, María Beltrán-Catalán, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Vicente J. Llorent
Universidad de Córdoba, Spain
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Social and emotional competencies in girls and boys
Table 2. Social and emotional competencies in adolescents involved in face-to-face bullying
Table 3. Social and emotional competencies in adolescents involved in cyberbullying
Table 4. Logistic regression on different bullying and cyberbullying roles predicted by gender, age, and social and emotional competencies
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Abstract

Bullying and cyberbullying are extremely damaging violent behaviors present in schools. A promising research line focuses on social and emotional competencies in relation to bullying and cyberbullying. The aim of this study was to describe social and emotional competencies in Spanish adolescents in relation to age and gender and to find out if the level of social and emotional competencies was related to different bullying and cyberbullying roles. This study was conducted with a representative sample of 2139 adolescents enrolled in 22 schools. Social and emotional competencies differed by gender and age. Bullying and cyberbullying perpetrators and bully-victims scored low in social and emotional competencies. There was no significant difference between victims and uninvolved students. Controlling for age and gender, low social awareness and prosocial behavior were independently related to bullying perpetration and being a bully-victim. Low responsible decision making was related to being a bully-victim and being a cyberbully-cybervictim. These findings suggest that social and emotional competencies can protect adolescents against bullying and cyberbullying but future studies are needed to establish possible causal relationships between these competencies, bullying and cyberbullying.

Keywords:
Social and emotional competencies
Bullying
Cyberbullying
Secondary education
Resumen

El bullying y el cyberbullying son comportamientos violentos extremadamente dañinos, presentes en las escuelas. Una línea de investigación prometedora se centra en las competencias sociales y emocionales en relación con el bullying y el cyberbullying. El objetivo de este estudio es describir las competencias sociales y emocionales de adolescentes españoles en relación con la edad y el sexo, y comprobar si el nivel de competencias sociales y emocionales se relaciona con diferentes roles de bullying y de cyberbullying. Este estudio se lleva a cabo con una muestra representativa de 2139 adolescentes matriculados en 22 escuelas. Se han encontrado diferencias en competencias sociales y emocionales por sexo y edad. Los agresores y agresores victimizados de bullying y cyberbullying puntúan bajo en competencias sociales y emocionales. No hay diferencias significativas entre las víctimas y los adolescentes no involucrados. Controlando el sexo y la edad, baja conciencia social y comportamiento prosocial están independientemente relacionados con ser agresor de bullying y con el rol de agresor victimizado. Puntuaciones bajas en la toma de decisiones responsables están relacionadas con ser agresor victimizado y ciberagresor victimizado. Estos resultados sugieren que las competencias sociales y emocionales pueden proteger a los adolescentes del bullying y del cyberbullying, pero estudios futuros son necesarios para establecer posibles relaciones causales entre estas competencias, el bullying y el cyberbullying.

Palabras clave:
Competencias sociales y emocionales
Bullying
Cyberbullying
Educación secundaria

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