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Vol. 25. Issue 2.
Pages 127-135 (July - December 2020)
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Vol. 25. Issue 2.
Pages 127-135 (July - December 2020)
Original
Mediator and moderator effect of resilience between self-efficacy and burnout amongst social and legal sciences faculty members
Efecto mediador y moderador de la resiliencia entre la autoeficacia y el burnout entre el profesorado universitario de ciencias sociales y legales
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Héctor Galindo-Domíngueza,
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hectorgalindo@deusto.es

Corresponding author.
, Maitane Pegalajarb, Juan-de-Dios Uriartec
a University of Deusto, Mundaiz Street, 50, 20012, Donostia-San Sebastian (Gipuzkoa), Spain
b University of Basque Country, Tolosa Avenue, 70, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian (Gipuzkoa), Spain
c University of Basque Country, Sarriena Neighborhood, s/n, 48940, Leioa (Bizkaia), Spain
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Table 1. Correlations of subscales
Table 2. Results of the mediation analysis
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Abstract

It is believed that a positive perception that one has when performing a specific task, allows having a better positioning to be able to face the challenges demanded by the professional environment with greater ease and optimism, consequently, reducing the levels of Burnout. The main objective of this research is to verify by means of an analysis of mediation and moderation if this hypothesis, that connects self-efficacy, resilience and burnout, occurs amongst social and legal sciences faculty members. To this effect, 384 faculty members participated on this study. The results reveal that resilience works as a mediator between self-efficacy and burnout with the same strength regardless of the contextual variables, but not as moderator. The correlations between the three constructs resulted significant in all cases. Finally, meaningful differences were found between gender and between the type of university. In view of these results, theoretical and practical applicability is discussed.

Keywords:
Self-efficacy
Resilience
Burnout
University
Mediation
Moderation
Resumen

Se cree que una percepción positiva de uno mismo al desarrollar una tarea concreta permite tener un mejor posicionamiento para hacer frente a los retos surgidos en el ámbito profesional con mayor facilidad y optimismo, reduciendo consecuentemente, los niveles de burnout. El principal objetivo de esta investigación es verificar a través de un análisis de mediación y moderación si esta hipótesis, que conecta, autoeficacia, resiliencia y burnout, es cierta entre el profesorado universitario de ciencias sociales y legales. Para ello, 384 profesores participan en este estudio. De los resultados se observa cómo la resiliencia funciona como mediadora entre la autoeficacia y el burnout con la misma fuerza independientemente de las variables contextuales, pero no como moderadora. De igual modo, las correlaciones entre los tres constructos resultan significativas en todos los casos. Finalmente, se hallan diferencias significativas en el género y en el tipo de universidad. En vista de estos resultados, se discute su aplicabilidad teórica y práctica.

Palabras clave:
Autoeficacia
Resiliencia
Burnout
Universidad
Mediación
Moderación

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