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Inicio Revista de Psicodidáctica (English Edition) Longitudinal Relations Between School Self-concept and Academic Achievement
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Vol. 24. Issue 2.
Pages 95-102 (July - December 2019)
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Vol. 24. Issue 2.
Pages 95-102 (July - December 2019)
Original
DOI: 10.1016/j.psicoe.2019.03.002
Longitudinal Relations Between School Self-concept and Academic Achievement
Relaciones longitudinales entre el autoconcepto escolar y el rendimiento académico
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Feifei Han
Office of Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Arts, Education and Law), Griffith University, Room 3.17D, Building M06, Mt Gravatt Campus, QLD 4122, Australia
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Table 1. Goodness of fit of models
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Table 3. Factor correlations of model 5A
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Abstract

In self-concept research, there is a dearth of longitudinal studies which examine whether the structure of the two-factor self-concept consisting of competence and affect is stable across time. Using data collected among 608 (male=294, females=313, one missing gender information) Chinese secondary students from 7th grade (Mage=13.41, SD=1.35) to 9th grade, our study used confirmatory factor analyses to compare the internal structure of separating and conflating competence and affect of the general school self-concept. The structural equation modeling (SEM) was then applied to examine longitudinal relations between competence, affect, and academic achievement. Consistently across the three time points, the two-factor self-concept structure was favored. However, SEM showed that the reciprocal effects were obtained only between competence and achievement from grade 7 to 8 but not from grade 8 to 9 and not between affect and achievement. Such inconsistency could be attributed to the transition from pre-puberty to adolescence.

Keywords:
Competence
Affect
Academic achievement
Longitudinal relations
Chinese secondary students
Resumen

En la investigación del autoconcepto, hay escasos estudios longitudinales que examinen si la estructura del autoconcepto de dos factores relacionados con competencia y afecto es estable a lo largo del tiempo. En base a los datos recopilados entre 608 (hombres=294, mujeres=313, 1 información de género faltante) participantes chinos de educación secundaria desde 7° grado (Medad=13.41, DT=1.35) hasta 9° grado, el estudio utiliza análisis factoriales confirmatorios para comparar la estructura interna del autoconcepto académico general separando y combinando competencia y afecto. El modelo de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM) se aplica para examinar las relaciones longitudinales entre competencia, afecto y rendimiento académico. Consistentemente en los tres puntos temporales, se favorece la estructura del autoconcepto de dos factores. Sin embargo, la SEM muestra que los efectos recíprocos se obtienen solo entre la competencia y el logro del grado 7° al 8°, pero no del grado 8° al 9° y no entre el efecto y el logro. Dicha inconsistencia se puede atribuir a la transición de la pubertad a la adolescencia.

Palabras clave:
Competencia
Afecto
Logro académico
Relaciones longitudinales
Estudiantes secundarios chinos

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