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Vol. 27. Issue 1.
Pages 76-85 (January - June 2022)
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Vol. 27. Issue 1.
Pages 76-85 (January - June 2022)
Original
Interplay of psychological reactance, burnout, and spiritual intelligence: A case of Iranian EFL teachers
Interacción de reactancia psicológica, agotamiento e inteligencia espiritual: Un caso de profesorado iraní de inglés como lengua extranjera
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Reza Pishghadama, Nouroddin Yousofib,
Corresponding author
nyousofi@yahoo.com

Corresponding author.
, Asieh Aminib, Maryam Sadat Tabatabayeeyana
a Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
b Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Harman’s single factor test
Table 2. Results of validity and reliability of measurement model (first-order factors)
Table 3. Correlation coefficient matrix and roots of the AVEs (Fornell-Larcker criterion)
Table 4. Results of validity and reliability of measurement model (second-order factors)
Table 5. Results of hypotheses testing (direct effects)
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Abstract

Despite the fact that teaching has been construed as a profoundly emotional activity, scant information is revealed regarding the adverse emotional demands encountered by teachers or how these affect teachers’ well-being. The present study aimed to examine the relationship among teacher burnout, psychological reactance, and the mediating role of spiritual intelligence in a sample of 270 English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers. Three scales were employed to measure the aforementioned constructs. It was revealed that there was a positive association at the individual level between burnout and reactance, and negative associations between spiritual intelligence with burnout and reactance. Further, results of bootstrapping resampling procedure revealed that spiritual intelligence mediated the relationship between burnout and reactance. It seems that paying attention to the areas of spirituality is of particular significance; perchance, there is a sense of requirement for teachers to enhance spiritual intelligence for abstaining burnout. Findings accentuate the need for teacher training courses to raise awareness of emotional demands and implement strategies to promote emotion regulation skills in both experienced and recently qualified teachers.

Keywords:
Bootstrapping Resampling
Burnout
Psychological Reactance
Spiritual Intelligence
Structural Equation Modeling
Resumen

A pesar de que la enseñanza se ha interpretado como una actividad profundamente emocional, se ha publicado escasa información sobre las demandas emocionales negativas que afrontan los docentes o cómo estas afectan a su bienestar. El objetivo del presente estudio es examinar la relación entre el agotamiento del profesorado, la reactancia psicológica y el rol mediador de la inteligencia espiritual en una muestra de 270 docentes que enseñan inglés como lengua extranjera (EFL). En dicho estudio se han empleado tres escalas para medir los constructos mencionados anteriormente. Se ha encontrado que existe una asociación positiva a nivel individual entre el agotamiento y la reactancia, y asociaciones negativas entre la inteligencia espiritual con el agotamiento y la reactancia. Además, los resultados del procedimiento de remuestreo bootstrapp han mostrado que la inteligencia espiritual ha mediado la relación entre el agotamiento y la reactancia. Parece que es relevante prestar atención a las áreas de la espiritualidad y que el profesorado mejore su inteligencia espiritual para evitar el agotamiento. Los hallazgos acentúan la necesidad de diseñar cursos de formación docente para crear conciencia sobre las demandas emocionales e implementar estrategias para promover las habilidades de regulación de las emociones, tanto en docentes con experiencia como en los recién titulados.

Palabras clave:
Remuestreo bootstrap
Agotamiento
Reactancia Psicológica
Inteligencia Espiritual
Modelado de ecuaciones estructurales

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