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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 144-152 (July - December 2018)
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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 144-152 (July - December 2018)
Original
Gestural Learning in Orchestra Conducting Through Self-observation
El aprendizaje de la gestualidad en Dirección de Orquesta mediante la auto-observación
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Margarita Lorenzo de Reizabala,
Corresponding author
lorenzo.reizabal@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Manuel Benitob
a Centro Superior de Música del País Vasco (Musikene), Donostia, Gipuzkoa, Spain
b Universidad del País Vasco, Bizkaia, Spain
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Distribution of the total of the observations collected in each phase and according to gender and type of judge
Table 2. Orchestra Conducting Gestural Competencies Scale (OCGCS)
Table 3. Fit indexes
Table 4. VME, Construct reliability and McDonald's Omega of each phase
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Abstract

The Orchestra Conducting training has traditionally been based on the imitation of the gesture of experienced conductors. It has only recently begun to work on other methodological alternatives for the teaching of gesture in the orchestral conducting. In this research, gestural learning in this field has been approached by means of self-observation through video with 28 students from first course in Conducting at Higher Music Education Conservatoire of the Basque Country – Musikene. The results have shown that with this methodology the participants’ gestural activity has improved, especially in those competencies more difficult to acquire, such as facial expression, visual contact and the use of the left arm. Significant differences have also been revealed in the improvements produced over time and in the assessments of the different types of judges involved. Gender differences have not been significant, but it is worth mentioning that women in this study have scored lower (themselves and others) than men.

Keywords:
Gestural competencies
Self-observation
Peer-observation
Orchestra Conducting
Video feedback
Resumen

La formación en Dirección de Orquesta se ha basado tradicionalmente en la imitación del gesto de directores experimentados. Solo recientemente se han empezado a considerar otras alternativas metodológicas para la enseñanza de la gestualidad en la Dirección Orquestal. En esta investigación se ha abordado el aprendizaje gestual mediante la auto-observación a través del vídeo de 28 estudiantes de primer curso de Dirección del Centro Superior de Música del País Vasco, Musikene. Los resultados han mostrado que con dicha metodología ha mejorado la actividad gestual de los participantes, sobre todo en las competencias más difíciles de adquirir, como son la expresión facial, el contacto visual y el empleo del brazo izquierdo; asimismo se han puesto de manifiesto diferencias significativas en las mejoras producidas en el tiempo y en las valoraciones de los distintos tipos de jueces intervinientes. Las diferencias en función del sexo no han sido significativas, pero es reseñable que las mujeres de este estudio han puntuado más bajo (a sí mismas y a los demás) que los hombres.

Palabras clave:
Competencias gestuales
Auto-observación
Hetero-observación
Dirección de orquesta
Video feedback

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