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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 153-159 (July - December 2018)
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Vol. 23. Issue 2.
Pages 153-159 (July - December 2018)
Original
Coping and Resilience in Families With Children With Behavioral Problems
Estrategias de afrontamiento y resiliencia en familias con hijos con problemas de conducta
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María Cantero-García
Corresponding author
maria.canterogar@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Goodness of fit indexes of confirmatory factor analyses of different models of CAF-PC
Table 2. Coping scales and styles: Descriptive statistics, reliability (α de Cronbach), composed reliability and mean variance extracted
Table 3. Correlations between different coping styles and resilience
Table 4. Regression analyses. Criterion: Resilience. Predictors: coping strategies
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Abstract

Behavioral problems are one of the main concerns of parents in today's society. There are families that are able to face these problems and get ahead – they are resilient – while others are overwhelmed, and do not know how to act. Lack of emotional self-regulation, effective coping strategies, and resilience contribute to stress increase, affecting health and emotional balance. To know how to act to develop parental resilience, this paper analyzes the coping strategies that adults use to deal with children's behavioral problems and their relation with resilience. With this aim, the ‘Coping with Children's Behavior Problems questionnaire’ (CCBP) was developed. Participants were 615 parents and mothers of the autonomous community of Madrid. They completed mentioned questionnaire along with the Brief Resilience Scale for validation purposes. Analyses showed the adequate fit of the person-situation model, the way situation influences the use of coping strategies and emotional self-regulation, and the way the type of strategies used relates to resilience.

Keywords:
Coping strategies
Coping assessment
Person-situation
Resilience
Behavior problems
Bi-factors models
Resumen

Los problemas de conducta constituyen una de las principales preocupaciones de las familias en la sociedad actual. Hay familias que son capaces de afrontar estos problemas y salir adelante —son resilientes— mientras que otras se ven desbordadas, sin saber cómo actuar. La falta de autorregulación emocional, estrategias de afrontamiento eficaces y de resiliencia contribuye al aumento del estrés, afectando a la salud y a su equilibrio emocional. Para facilitar el desarrollo de la resiliencia parental, este artículo analiza las estrategias de afrontamiento que utilizan las familias ante los problemas de conducta de los hijos y su relación con la resiliencia. Con este fin se desarrolla el «Cuestionario de Afrontamiento ante los Problemas de Conducta de los hijos» (CAF-PC). Participaron 615 padres y madres de la Comunidad de Madrid. Estos completaron el cuestionario mencionado, y la Escala Breve de Resiliencia, con fines de validación. Los análisis realizados muestran el adecuado ajuste del modelo persona-situación, cómo este influye en la utilización de estrategias de afrontamiento y la autorregulación emocional, y cómo el tipo de estrategias se relaciona con la resiliencia.

Palabras clave:
Estrategias de afrontamiento
Evaluación del afrontamiento
Persona-Situación
Resiliencia
Problemas de conducta
Modelo bifactor

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