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Vol. 25. Issue 2.
Pages 119-126 (July - December 2020)
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Vol. 25. Issue 2.
Pages 119-126 (July - December 2020)
Original
Connections between bullying victimization and satisfaction/frustration of adolescents' basic psychological needs
Conexiones entre la victimización en el acoso escolar y la satisfacción-frustración de las necesidades psicológicas básicas de los adolescentes
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José Ignacio Menéndez Santurioa,
Corresponding author
nachomenendeztibet@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Javier Fernández-Ríob, José Antonio Cecchini Estradab, Sixto González-Víllorac
a University Isabel I, Burgos, Spain
b University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
c University of Castilla-La Mancha, Faculty of Education of Cuenca, Cuenca, Spain
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Goodness of fit indexes in Confirmatory Factor Analysis and in hypothetical models
Table 2. Cronbach alphas, omega values, descriptive analyses and bivariate correlations among all variables
Table 3. Model 1=without restrictions; Model 2=structural invariant weights; Model 3=invariant structural covariance; Model 4=invariant residual structural
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse the connection between bullying and the dichotomy satisfaction-frustration of the basic psychological needs in adolescents. A total of 1845 students from Secondary Education (928 boys and 917 girls), and Baccalaureate-Year 1 (n=278), aged between 12 and 17 (M=14.51, SD=1.55), from 16 schools of four Spanish provinces participate in the study. Students complete the Psychological Needs Satisfaction-Frustration Scale and the subscale Victimization from the European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire concerning three subjects: Mathematics, Spanish Language and Literature and Physical Education. Results from the structural equation analysis reflect that victimization negatively predicts the satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs of competence, relatedness and autonomy, and positively their frustration in the three subjects. These results show the importance of creating educative contexts oriented to promote an increase of the students’ basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness and competence to prevent and/or lessen the possible effects of bullying in their victims.

Keywords:
Bullying
Frustration/satisfaction
Psychological needs
Secondary education
Adolescence
Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la conexión del acoso escolar con la dicotomía frustración-satisfacción de las necesidades psicológicas básicas en adolescentes. Un total de 1845 estudiantes (928 varones y 917 mujeres), de Educación Secundaria (1°ESO, n=406; 2°ESO, n=390; 3º de ESO, n=364, 4º de ESO, n=407) y Bachillerato (1º de Bachillerato, n=278), con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 17 años de edad (M=14.51, DT=1.55), de un total de 16 centros educativos de cuatro provincias españolas distintas (Asturias, León, Albacete y Cuenca) participan en el estudio. Para ello los estudiantes cumplimentan la Escala de Satisfacción y Frustración de las Necesidades Psicológicas Básicas y la subescala de Victimización del European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire en referencia a tres materias curriculares diferentes: Matemáticas, Lengua Castellana y Literatura y Educación Física. Los resultados obtenidos a través de análisis de ecuaciones estructurales reflejan que la victimización predice negativamente la satisfacción de las tres necesidades psicológicas básicas de competencia, relación y autonomía y positivamente la frustración de las mismas necesidades en las tres materias curriculares. Estos resultados muestran la importancia de crear contextos educativos orientados a promover un incremento en las necesidades psicológicas básicas de autonomía, relación y competencia de los estudiantes en aras de prevenir y/o paliar los posibles efectos del acoso escolar en sus víctimas.

Palabras clave:
Bullying
Frustración/satisfacción
Necesidades psicológicas
Educación secundaria
Adolescencia

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