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Cir Cardiov 2017;24:311-3 - DOI: 10.1016/j.circv.2016.11.046
Caso Clínico
A mass in the right atrium: A diagnostic dilemma
Masa en la aurícula derecha: un dilema diagnóstico
Santiago Colunga Blancoa,, , María Martín Fernándeza, Cecilia Corros Vicentea, Rubén Álvarez Cabob, M. Aurora Astudillo Gonzálezc
a Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
b Cirugía Cardiaca, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
c Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
Abstract

In this article we highlight the importance of cardiac imaging techniques and proper differential diagnosis to tackling the evaluation of cardiac masses in the right chambers.

Resumen

En este artículo queremos resaltar la importancia de las técnicas de imagen cardiaca en el adecuado diagnóstico diferencial a la hora de abordar el estudio de las masas cardiacas en las cavidades derechas.

Keywords
Myxoma, Right atrium, Echocardiography, Tumors, Cardiac MRI
Palabras clave
Mixoma, Aurícula derecha, Ecocardiografía, Tumores, Resonancia magnética cardiaca

A 68-year old woman with previous aortic valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis three years ago was admitted to our hospital with a recent onset atrial fibrillation. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed. It described a well-circumscribed polypoid mass in the right atrium which seemed to be attached to the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve (Fig. 1A and B). Subsequently a transesophageal echocardiography confirmed this finding (Fig. 1C and D: 17mm×12mm ovoid mass without obstructing tricuspid valve). Otherwise, right cavities were normal and prosthesis had also a normal function.

Fig. 1.
(0.34MB).

(A) and (B) TTE polypoid mass in the right atrium attached to the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve. (C) and (D) Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed de previous findings.

In the absence of clinical signs of endocarditis, suspected diagnosis of tumor was established.1,4 Cardiac MRI for a better characterization was performed. It confirmed a well-defined mobile mass in the right atrium attached to the septal leaflet of the tricuspid, hypointense in gradient echo sequences and with early and late heterogeneous gadolinium hyperenhancement (Fig. 2A–D). Once the study was completed the most likely diagnosis of myxoma was established.1–3

Fig. 2.
(0.3MB).

(A) and (B) Gradient echo sequences. A mass in the right atrium attached to the septal leaflet of the tricuspid, hypointense. (C) and (D) Enhancement sequences. Early and late heterogeneous gadolinium hyperenhancement.

Surgical resection was performed. Intraoperative biopsy was compatible with myxoma and histopathological study confirmed the diagnosis (Fig. 3 A and B)

Fig. 3.
(0.5MB).

Histopathological study confirmed diagnosis of mixoma.

Intracardiac primary tumors are rare and highly variable in their clinical expression. It can range from incidental diagnosis, as in our case, to sudden death. Although myxomas are the most frequent primary tumors, right atrial is an atipical location leading to a diagnostic dilemma.2–4 Differential diagnosis with malignant tumors, metastasis, vegetations and even with normal variants must be taken into account.

Ethical disclosuresProtection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this investigation.

Confidentiality of data

The authors declare that no patient data appears in this article.

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appears in this article.

References
1
K. Nakabayashi,S. Murata,H. Kato,T. Oka
The differentiation of giant right atrial myxoma from metastatic cancer with the use of multiple imaging modalities
2
C.A. Ridge,R.P. Killeen,K.M. Sheehan,R. Ryan,N. Mulligan,D. Luke
Giant right atrial myxoma: characterization with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Clin Imaging, 34 (2010), pp. 231-233 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2009.06.027
3
D.S. Fieno,R. Saouaf,L.E. Thomson,A. Abidov,J.D. Friedman,D.S. Berman
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance of primary tumors of the heart: a review
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson, 8 (2006), pp. 839-853 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10976640600777975
4
D. Muñoz Serret,E. García,J. Páez,E. Hernández
Mixoma gigante de aurícula derecha. Presentación de un caso
Cir Cardiovasc, 20 (2013), pp. 203-205
Corresponding author. (Santiago Colunga Blanco santicolunga@hotmail.com)
Copyright © 2016. Sociedad Española de Cirugía Torácica-Cardiovascular