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Vol. 26. Issue 2.
Pages 160-167 (July - December 2021)
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Vol. 26. Issue 2.
Pages 160-167 (July - December 2021)
Original
Parental supervision and victims of cyberbullying: Influence of the use of social networks and online extimacy
Supervisión parental y víctimas de ciberbullying: influencia del uso de redes sociales y la extimidad online
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José-María Martin-Criadoa, José-Antonio Casasa,
Corresponding author
jacasas@uco.es

Corresponding author.
, Rosario Ortega-Ruiza, Rosario Del Reyb
a Universidad de Córdoba
b Universidad de Sevilla
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Descriptive analysis and Student's t-test according to sex for the variables studied
Table 2. Polychoric correlations of latent variables in the model
Table 3. Number and percentage of cases correctly classified in predicting cybervictimization
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Abstract

Online parental supervision is considered a protective factor against cybervictimization, but it seems that this relationship is mediated by the practices of children in social networks (RRSS). This work aims to advance in this line of research. First, analyzing the direct relationship between both variables in victims of cyberbullying. Second, considering the extimacy and the use of RRSS as mediating variables. Third, analyzing the possible differences in gender and age groups in this relationship. And finally, knowing whether these variables influence the possibility of being a victim of cyberbullying. The sample is made up of 6,408 (49% girls) students in primary and secondary education, aged between 10 and 16 (M = 12.60, SD = 1.65). After selecting the victims of cyberbullying (n = 817), descriptive and comparative analyses of means between sexes and age groups were carried out. Two structural equation models (SEM) have been calculated with this sub-sample of cybervictims. The first one with the direct relationship between parental supervision and cybervictimization without finding an adjustment, and the second one that confirms this relationship mediated by extimacy and the use of RRSS. This model does not show differences in adjustment between sexes and age groups. Likewise, it has been found that the variables studied are important in the possibility of becoming a cybervictim. Based on these results, it can be concluded that positive parental supervision can reduce cybervictimization if it promotes monitoring of extimacy and the use of RRSS.

Keywords:
Parental supervision
Personal information
Extimacy
Social media
Cybervictimization
Resumen

La supervisión parental online se considera un factor protector frente a la cibervictimización, pero parece que esta relación es mediada por las prácticas de los y las menores en las redes sociales (RRSS). Este trabajo pretende avanzar en esta línea de investigación. Primero, analizando la relación directa entre ambas variables en víctimas de ciberbullying. Segundo, considerando la extimidad y el uso de RRSS como variables mediadoras. Tercero, analizando las posibles diferencias de sexo y grupos de edad en esta relación. Y, por último, conociendo si estas variables influyen en la posibilidad de ser o no víctima de ciberbullying. La muestra está formada por 6.408 (49% chicas) estudiantes de educación Primaria y Secundaria, con edades entre los 10 y 16 años (M = 12.60, DT = 1.65). Tras seleccionar a las víctimas de ciberbullying (n = 817), se han realizado análisis descriptivos y comparativas de medias entre sexos y grupos de edad. Se han calculado dos modelos de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM) con dicha submuestra de cibervíctimas. El primero con la relación directa entre supervisión parental y cibervictimización sin hallar ajuste, y el segundo que confirma esta relación mediada por la extimidad y el uso de RRSS. Este modelo no muestra diferencias de ajuste entre sexos y grupos de edad. Igualmente, se ha encontrado que las variables estudiadas son importantes en la posibilidad de convertirse en cibervíctima. En base a estos resultados se puede concluir que una supervisión parental positiva puede reducir la cibervictimización si ésta promueve supervisar la extimidad y el uso de RRSS.

Palabras clave:
Supervisión parental
Información personal
Extimidad
Redes sociales
Cibervictimización

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