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Vol. 22. Issue 2.
Pages 93-101 (June - December 2017)
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Vol. 22. Issue 2.
Pages 93-101 (June - December 2017)
Original
Coping Processes and Personality Factors as Predictors of Resilience in Adolescent Students: Validation of a Structural Model
Procesos de afrontamiento y factores de personalidad como predictores de la resiliencia en adolescentes: validación de un modelo estructural
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Mercedes Villasana, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
Corresponding author
jesus.alonso@uam.es

Corresponding author.
, Miguel Ruiz
Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Correlations between coping styles, resiliency factors and resilience
Table 2. Goodness of fit statistics for path analyses with latent variables and for cross validation analysis corresponding to Model 1 (PALV 1 & 2) and to Model 2 (PALV 3 & 4)
Table 3. PALV2. Cross validation of the model using multi-group analyses with two samples. Chi-square differences for model comparison against the unconstrained multi-sample model
Table 4. PALV4. Cross validation of the model using multi-group analyses with two samples. Chi-square differences for model comparison against the unconstrained multi-sample model
Table 5. PALV-4. Direct and indirect effects of the predictors on resilience
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Abstract

To determine the factors on which educators should focus to favor resilience development in adolescence, this study tests two predictive models of the hypothetical relationships between two kinds of predictors – coping styles and resiliency personality factors – and resilience as criterion. A total of 1078 Spanish children (12–18 years old) from four different Spanish schools participated in the study. In order to determine to what extent the variables in the model predict resilience, four path analyses with latent variables (PALV) were performed: two for testing each model, and the remaining two for cross-validation. Results showed that perceived improvement in resilience depends mainly on coping strategies and styles in the expected direction, and that resiliency (personality) factors mediate the effect of coping styles, but their direct effect is very small. Moreover, the effect of “sense of relatedness” was contrary to expectations as regards previous studies. A hypothetical explanation of this result is suggested.

Keywords:
Resilience
Resiliency
Coping
Protective personality factors
Person-situation interaction
Resumen

Para averiguar sobre qué factores actuar para facilitar el desarrollo de la resiliencia en la adolescencia este estudio contrasta la validez de dos modelos sobre las relaciones hipotéticas entre dos grupos de predictores, estilos de afrontamiento y factores de personalidad asociados a la resiliencia, y esta como criterio. Participan en el estudio 1078 alumnos (12 a 18 años) de cuatro colegios. Se realizan cuatro análisis de rutas con variables latentes (PALV), dos para testar cada modelo y dos de validación cruzada. Los resultados muestran que la mejora de la resiliencia depende de los estilos de afrontamiento, y que los factores de personalidad asociados a la resiliencia actúan como mediadores del efecto de aquellos, pero también que su efecto directo es muy pequeño. Además, el efecto del «sentido de relación» es contrario al esperado a partir de los resultados de otros estudios. Se presenta una explicación hipotética de este resultado.

Palabras clave:
Resiliencia
Resiliency
Afrontamiento
Factores protectores de la personalidad
Interacción persona-situación

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