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Vol. 29. Issue 4.
Pages 149-157 (October - December 2018)
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Vol. 29. Issue 4.
Pages 149-157 (October - December 2018)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfie.2017.12.004
Psychometric properties of the parent's perception uncertainty in illness scale, Spanish version
Escala de incertidumbre en la enfermedad – forma padres/hijos: validación de la adaptación al español
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C.E. Suarez-Acuña
Corresponding author
Claudia.suarez@unisabana.edu.co

Corresponding author.
, G. Carvajal-Carrascal, M.E. Serrano-Gómez
Facultad de Enfermería y Rehabilitación, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Cundinamarca, Colombia
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Figures (1)
Tables (5)
Table 1. Analysis of face or appearance validity from the percentage of acceptance of the items.
Table 2. Calculation of the content validity reasoning for each item.
Table 3. Correlation between the identified factors.
Table 4. Items from the questionnaire: factorial loadings of the matrix of rotated factor patterns and of the matrix of factor structure and communality values (n=153).
Table 5. Internal global consistence and by factors.
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Abstract
Objective

To analyse the psychometric properties of the Parents’ Perception of Uncertainty in Illness Scale, parents/children, adapted to Spanish.

Method

A descriptive methodological study involving the translation into Spanish of the Parents’ Perception of Uncertainty in Illness Scale, parents/children, and analysis of their face validity, content validity, construct validity and internal consistency.

Results

The original version of the scale in English was translated into Spanish, and approved by its author. Six face validity items with comprehension difficulty were reported; which were reviewed and adapted, keeping its structure. The global content validity index with expert appraisal was 0.94. In the exploratory analysis of factors, 3 dimensions were identified: ambiguity and lack of information, unpredictability and lack of clarity, with a KMO=0.846, which accumulated 91.5% of the explained variance. The internal consistency of the scale yielded a Cronbach alpha of 0.86 demonstrating a good level of correlation between items.

Conclusion

The Spanish version of “Parent's Perception of Uncertainty in Illness Scale” is a valid and reliable tool that can be used to determine the level of uncertainty of parents facing the illness of their children.

Keywords:
Uncertainty
Disease
Validation studies
Reproducibility of results
Factorial analysis
Parents
Resumen
Objetivo

Analizar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Percepción de la Incertidumbre en la Enfermedad-forma padres/hijos, adaptada al español.

Método

Estudio descriptivo, metodológico que incluyó la traducción al español de la Escala de Percepción de la Incertidumbre en la Enfermedad-forma padres/hijos y el análisis de su validez facial, validez de contenido, exploración de la validez de los constructos y la consistencia interna.

Resultados

La versión original de la escala en inglés se tradujo al español, siendo aprobada por la autora del mismo. La validación facial reportó 6 ítems con dificultad de comprensión que fueron revisados y adaptados, manteniendo la estructura. El índice de validez de contenido global con apoyo de expertos fue de 0,94. En el análisis exploratorio de factores se identificaron 3 dimensiones: ambigüedad y falta de información, imprevisibilidad y falta de claridad, con un KMO=0,846 que acumularon el 91,5% de la varianza explicada. La consistencia interna total de la escala arrojó un alfa de Cronbach de 0,86 lo que demostró un buen nivel de correlación entre los ítems.

Conclusión

La Escala de Percepción de la Incertidumbre en la Enfermedad–forma padres/hijos adaptada al español de manera exploratoria muestra ser una herramienta válida y confiable que puede ser utilizada para determinar el nivel de incertidumbre de los padres frente a la enfermedad de sus hijos.

Palabras clave:
Incertidumbre
Enfermedad
Estudios de validación
Reproducibilidad de resultados
Análisis factorial
Padres

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