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Inicio Enfermería Intensiva (English Edition) The family in preventing delirium in the intensive care unit: Scoping review
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Vol. 33. Issue 1.
Pages 33-43 (January - March 2022)
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Vol. 33. Issue 1.
Pages 33-43 (January - March 2022)
Review article
The family in preventing delirium in the intensive care unit: Scoping review
La familia en la prevención del delirium en la unidad de cuidados intensivos: scoping review
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B.A. Pabón-Martínez
Corresponding author
bapabonm@unal.edu.co

Corresponding author.
, L.I. Rodríguez-Pulido, A.M. Henao-Castaño
Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
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Table 1. General description of the articles included in scoping review.
Abstract
Introduction

Delirium is cognitive impairment related to negative inpatient outcomes in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), family interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing the incidence of this condition.

Objective

To identify strategies that include the family in the prevention of delirium in the adult intensive care unit that can be integrated into ABCDEF. Inclusion criteria: Studies describing actions and interventions involving caregivers and family members in the ICU for the prevention of delirium, conducted in the last five years, available in full text, in English and Spanish, Portuguese and in adults.

Methods

A scope review was conducted using the keywords “Critical Care, Delirium, Family, Primary Prevention” in 11 databases (PubMed, Virtual Health Library, Cochrane Library, TRIP Data base, EBSCO, Ovid Nursing, Springer, Scopus, Dialnet, Scielo, Lilacs) and other sources (Open Gray, Google Scholar), between August - October 2019; 8 studies were considered relevant and were analysed.

Results

The results were described in 3 categories: flexibility vs. restriction of visits in the ICU, Reorientation as a prevention strategy and post-ICU syndrome in the family.

Conclusion

Extended visits, development of family-mediated activities, and redirection are non-pharmacological strategies that reduce the incidence of delirium in the ICU and offer multiple benefits to the patient and family/caregiver.

Keywords:
Delirium
Family
Critical care
Intensive care units
Primary prevention
Resumen
Introducción

El delirium es una alteración cognitiva relacionada con resultados negativos en el paciente interno en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), las intervenciones familiares han demostrado ser efectivas para reducir la incidencia de esta condición.

Objetivo

Identificar las estrategias que incluyen a la familia en la prevención del delirium en la UCI del adulto que pueden ser integradas al ABCDEF. Criterios de inclusión: Estudios que describieran acciones e intervenciones que incluyan a cuidadores y familiares en la UCI para la prevención del delirium en adultos, realizados en los últimos 5 años, disponibles en texto completo, en español, portugués e inglés.

Métodos

Se realizó una revisión de alcance utilizando las palabras clave «Critical Care, Delirium, Family, Primary Prevention» en 11 bases de datos (PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, Cochrane Library, TRIP Data base, EBSCO, Ovid Nursing, Springer, Scopus, Dialnet, Scielo, Lilacs) y otras fuentes (Open Gray, Google Scholar), entre los meses de agosto-octubre de 2019; 8 estudios se consideraron relevantes y fueron analizados.

Resultados

Los resultados fueron descritos en 3 categorías: flexibilidad vs. restricción de visitas en la UCI, reorientación como estrategia de prevención y síndrome post-UCI en la familia.

Conclusión

Las visitas extendidas, el desarrollo de actividades mediadas por la familia y la reorientación son estrategias no farmacológicas que reducen la incidencia del delirium en la UCI y ofrecen múltiples beneficios para el paciente y su familiar/cuidador.

Palabras clave:
Delirio
Familia
Cuidados críticos
Unidades de cuidados intensivos
Prevención primaria (Fuente DeSC)

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