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FI 2016

1,125
© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

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  • Factor de Impacto: 1,125(2016)
  • 5-años Factor de Impacto: 1,292
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,221
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,385

© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

Med Clin 2003;120:535-41 - DOI: 10.1016/S0025-7753(03)73766-X
Evolución temporal y por comunidades autónomas del consumo de diferentes cantidades de alcohol durante el embarazo
Analysis of temporal evolution in alcohol consumption during pregnancy in the Spanish autonomic communities
María Luisa Martínez-Fríasa,, , Eva Bermejob, Elvira Rodríguez-Pinillab
a ECEMC. Centro de Investigación sobre Anomalías Congénitas (CIAC). Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Departamento de Farmacología. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Complutense. Madrid
b ECEMC. CIAC. Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Madrid. España
Recibido 28 agosto 2002, Aceptado 16 diciembre 2002
Resumen
Background and objective

The fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is considered as the main preventablecause of congenital defects and mental deficiency. We analyzed whether the consumptionof alcohol during gestation has changed in Spain.

Subjects and method

We analyzed the evolution over the last 24 years, as well as the geographicaldistribution according to Spanish regions, of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.We used data from the ECEMC, a registry which includes 1,820,862 liveborns, of whom30,836 were malformed. A similar number of healthy controls was collected. We established 5increasing levels of alcohol consumption, for sporadic and diary intakes, and 3 levels of maternalscholarship.

Results

Except for the lowest and highest intakes, alcohol consumption levels showed a decreasingtrend over the time. These tendencies were similar in almost all Spanish regions.When comparing the intake between regions, the differences were statistically significant. Therewas a correlation between the maternal scholarship and the alcohol intake, showing that thehigher the education the lower the amount of alcohol consumption.

Conclusions

The awareness of the alcohol effects is related to the maternal cultural level. Maternalconsumption of alcohol varies across Spanish regions, though its trends are similar.

Palabras clave
Alcohol y embarazo, Consumo de alcohol, Epidemiología, Síndrome alcohólico fetal (SAF)
Key words
Alcohol and pregnancy, Alcohol consumption, Epidemiology, Fetal alcohol syndrome
El Texto completo solo está disponible en PDF
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Correspondencia: Dra. M.L. Martínez-Frías. Directora del CIAC. Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Sinesio Delgado 6, pabellón 6. 28029 Madrid. España.
Copyright © 2003. Elsevier Espa??a, S.L.