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Endocrinol Nutr 2004;51:42-7 - DOI: 10.1016/S1575-0922(04)74583-0
Uso y abuso de los suplementos dietéticos
J. Álvarez
Sección de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias. Alcalá de Henares. Madrid. España
Recibido 16 octubre 2003, Aceptado 24 noviembre 2003
Resumen

Las vitaminas y los minerales constituyen los micronutrientes esenciales en la nutrición del individuo para mantener un adecuado equilibrio en el metabolismo intermediario. Diversos estudios han demostrado los efectos beneficiosos de micronutrientes como el ácido fólico, la vitamina E, el selenio y el calcio en la prevención y tratamiento de algunas enfermedades. Los criterios de la suplementación deben establecerse considerando los estudios de eficacia de los suplementos y las evidencias de seguridad de éstos. El establecimiento de programas de educación sanitaria que informen de estos aspectos a la población podría contribuir al uso racional de los suplementos nutricionales.

Vitamins and minerals are essential micronutrients in human nutrition to maintain adequate intermediate metabolism. Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of micronutrients such as folic acid, vitamin E, selenium, and calcium in preventing or treating certain diseases. The criteria for supplementation should be established, based on safety and efficacy studies. Nutritional education programs aimed at the general public could contribute to the rational use of nutritional supplements.

Palabras clave
Suplementos nutricionales, Seguridad, Eficacia, Uso racional
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Correspondencia: Dra. J. Álvarez Hernández. Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias. Campus Universitario. Crta Alcalá-Meco, s/n. 28805 Alcalá de Henares. Madrid. España
Copyright © 2004. Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición