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Clin Invest Arterioscl 2007;19:269-77 - DOI: 10.1016/S0214-9168(07)74211-0
Evaluación de la ingesta de grasas y minerales en un grupo de ciclistas de equipos juvenil y sub-23
Evaluation of fat and mineral intake by a group of cyclists belonging to junior and sub-23 teams
José Luis Sánchez-Benitoa,, , Eva Sánchez-Sorianob, Juan Ginart-Suárezc
a Equipo ciclista ENYPESA Lambea El Mundo. Departamento de Nutrición I. Universidad Complutense. Madrid. España
b Enfermería. UCI. Hospital Puerta de Hierro. Madrid. España
c Anestesiología. Hospital 12 Octubre. Madrid. España
Resumen
Introduction

The aim of this study was to determine whether 34 young Spanish males belonging to Junior and Sub-23 cycling teams followed recommendations for optimal macronutrient (mainly fats) and mineral (sodium, calcium, potassium and magnesium) intake. In the long term, an unbalanced diet has been associated with chronic diseases such as obesity, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. Promotion of nutritional education is essential to achieve good nutritional practices in the long term, while precompetition diets aiming to improve the sporting performance of young cyclists are important in the short term.

Material and method

Nutritional evaluation was based on the intake reported over 7 consecutive days in a questionnaire.

Results

A percentage of the cyclists studied consumed excessive quantities of cholesterol (94% of cyclists), saturated fats (74%), and sodium (47%) and did not consume the recommended quantities of calcium (29%), magnesium (10%) and potassium (44%). The same nutritional pattern was found in young Spanish males in the EnKid study.

Conclusions

The present study increases knowledge of the diets followed by highly active young Spanish males. A percentage of these cyclists followed unbalanced diets (excessive intake of fats and sodium) that should be modified by educating not only the cyclists, but also their parents and coaches. Adequate hydration (water and electrolytes) and the Mediterranean diet, rich in vegetables, fruits, fish and olive oil, should be promoted to ensure appropriate intake of fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids) to protect the cardiovascular system.

Palabras clave
Aterosclerosis, Hipertensión arterial, Adolescentes activos, Enfermedad cardiovascular, Índice de calidad de la dieta
Keywords
Atherosclerosis, High blood pressure, Physically active adolescents, Cardiovascular Disease, Diet Quality Index (DQI)
El Texto completo solo está disponible en PDF
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Correspondencia: Dr. J.L. Sánchez-Benito. Departamento de Nutrición I. Universidad Complutense. Rosalía de Castro, 25. 28035 Madrid. España. Jl.sbenito@ya.com