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2016 FI

1.125
© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

Indexed in:

Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, Journal Citation Reports, SCI-Expanded, Index Medicus/Medline, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, IBECS, IME, MEDES, PASCAL, SCOPUS, ScienceDirect

Metrics

  • Impact Factor: 1,125(2016)
  • 5-years Impact Factor: 1,292
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,221
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,385

© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

Med Clin 2001;116:408-12 - DOI: 10.1016/S0025-7753(01)71850-7
Originales
Comparación de dos modelos de educación para pacientes asmáticos
Comparison of two forms of education for asthmatic patients
Pablo Martín Olmedo, Antonio León Jiménez, , Juan Manuel Gómez Gutiérrez
Sección de Neumología Servicios de Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar. Cádiz.
Encarnación Benítez Rodrígueza, Alipio Mangas Rojasb
a Medicina Preventiva y Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar. Cádiz.
b Medicina Interna Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar. Cádiz.
Received 17 May 2000, Accepted 05 September 2000
Abstract
Background

The education programs have demonstrated to be an important point in the management of asthmatic patients. The aim of the present study was to assess if an intensive group asthma education program was able to improve a simplified and individual asthma education program, both with a self-management plan included.

Patients and Method

A prospective randomised controlled trial was conducted over 12 months and 73 moderate-severe asthmatic patients were included. Patients were randomly assigned to control or study group. Patients in control group received individual and simplified education with a self-management plan and patients in study group attended an «asthma school» in small groups where they received a three hours education program in three weeks. The outcome measures were: number of hospital admissions, observation unit admissions, emergency visits and unscheduled general practice consultations. Knowledge, adherence to treatment, ability with inhaler devices, airway function, environmental control measures and quality of life. They were assessed at the beginning and the end of the study.

Results

At the end of the study period the outcome of morbidity had improved in both groups but the number of observation unit admissions (p = 0.028) and unscheduled general practice consultations (p = 0.022) was substantially lower in study group. This group also demonstrated improvement in environmental control measures and better inhaler technique and knowledge (p = 0.007). In adherence, lung function or quality of life there were no differences between groups.

Conclusions

In patients with asthma better results can be obtained with an intensive group asthma education program than with the individual and simplified program.

Palabras clave
Asma, Educación, Autocontrol
Key words
Asthma, Patient education, Self-management
This article is only available in PDF
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