x

¿Aún no está registrado?

Cree su cuenta. Regístrese en Elsevier y obtendrá: información relevante, máxima actualización y promociones exclusivas.

Registrarme ahora
Help - - Sign up - Phone number 902 888 740
Search

2016 FI

1.714
© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

Indexed in:

Index Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, JCR, SCI-Expanded, Index Medicus/Medline, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, IBECS, IME, CANCERLIT, SCOPUS

Metrics

  • Impact Factor: 1,714(2016)
  • 5-years Impact Factor: 1,755
  • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR):0,43
  • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP):0,653

© Thomson Reuters, Journal Citation Reports, 2016

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 1998;16:328
Análisis de la automedicación con antibióticos en la población española
Analysis of automedication with antibiotics in Spain
Ana Orero Gonzáleza, Miguel Ángel Ripoll Lozanob, José González Núñezc
a Médico de Atención Primaria. Centro de Salud Paseo de Extremadura. Madrid
b Médico de Atención Primaria. Centro de Salud «Ávila Rural». Ávila
c Farmacéutico. Servicio de Microbiología. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Abstract
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of automedication with antibiotics in Spain, analyzing the magnitude, importance and possible consequences of this problem. Methods: A quantitative study was carried out in the pharmacies by personal interview with people who had acquired a pharmaceutical speciality. The study was performed according to territorial distribution proportional to the population of different autonomic communities and urban and rural environments. The questionnaires were done over one year with four cut offs, each coinciding with one of the annual seasons.
Results: Automedication with antibiotics was observed in 32.1% of the people who had acquired an antibiotic in a pharmacy, being 28.8% with pharmaceutical specialities acquired. In 20% of the cases (18.1% of the specialities), automedication was produced by direct request of the user, while in 12.1% of the cases (10.7% of the specialities) this was by recommendation by the pharmacist/ pharmaceutical auxillary. Of the people obtaining an antibiotic by self-medication, two out of three acquired a wide-ranging semisynthetic penicillin, while 23% acquired a macrolide. The remaining therapeutic subgroups acquired were tetracyclins (3.3%) and cephalosporins, quinolones and cotrimoxazoles being 1.6% each. Automedication was most frequent in people from 30 to 39 years of age (36.1%) followed by those from 40 to 49 years (29.5%). Men showed a slightly greater incidence than women with 39% of the women acquiring an antibiotic directly doing so for someone other than themselves. Pharyngoamigdalitis was the most frequent process for which an antibiotic was acquired by automedication (34.5% of the cases). The most frequent therapeutic schedule was three times a day for one week. There was little correspondence between the dosage schedule and length of treatment and the number of doses contained in the drug acquired.
Conclusions.: Antibiotic automedication is a widespread practice in Spain, specially in the treatment of infectious respiratory and bucal processes. Together with therapeutic unfulfillment and storage of antibiotics in the homes, automedication is currently one of the most serious problems in antibioticotherapy since it is frequently accompanied by bad usage. Health care education programs should be developed with the aim of making the public aware of the negative effects of automedication and orienting patients as to the rational use of antibiotics.
Palabras clave
Automedicación, Antibióticos, Almacenamiento, Incumplimiento
Keywords
Automedication, Antibiotics, Compliance, Storage