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Inicio Medicina de Familia. SEMERGEN Efectos beneficiosos no anticonceptivos de la píldora anticonceptiva
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Vol. 35. Núm. 10.
Páginas 505-510 (Diciembre 2009)
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Vol. 35. Núm. 10.
Páginas 505-510 (Diciembre 2009)
Actualización en medicina de familia
DOI: 10.1016/S1138-3593(09)73109-0
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Efectos beneficiosos no anticonceptivos de la píldora anticonceptiva
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I. Letea,??
Autor para correspondencia
ilete@hsan.osakidetza.net

Correspondencia: Servicio de Ginecología. Hospital Santiago Apóstol. C/ Olaguibel 29. 01004 Vitoria. España.
, J.L. Dueñasb, I. Serranoc, J.L. Dovald, E. Pérez-Campose, J. Martínez-Salmeánf, C. Collg
a Servicio de Ginecología. Hospital Santiago Apóstol. Vitoria. España
b Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia. Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Macarena. Sevilla. España
c Ginecóloga. Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Madrid. España
d Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia. Complejo Hospitalario Cristal Piñor. Orense. España
e Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia. Hospital de Requena. Valencia. España
f Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia. Hospital Severo Ochoa. Leganés. Madrid. España
g Directora del Programa de Atenció a la Donna. Maresme. Barcelona. España
Información del artículo
Resumen
Bibliografía
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Estadísticas

El primer objetivo del uso de un anticonceptivo oral combinado (AOC) es el de evitar un embarazo. En ocasiones el AOC se asocia a efectos secundarios, pero cada día se conocen mejor los efectos beneficiosos no anticonceptivos del mismo. Existe evidencia de una buena calidad que asocia el uso de AOC con la mejoría de la dismenorrea, la disminución del sangrado menstrual y la mejoría del síndrome premenstrual. También se sabe que el uso de AOC protege frente a la enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica (EIP) y el embarazo ectópico, reduce la pérdida mineral ósea y es eficaz en el tratamiento del acné leve y moderado. Además, la AOC disminuye la incidencia de cáncer de ovario y cáncer de endometrio. Conocer estos efectos beneficiosos resulta de interés tanto para los profesionales sanitarios como para las mujeres.

Palabras clave:
anticoncepción oral combinada
beneficios no anticonceptivos

The first objective of using a combined oral contraceptive (COC) is that of avoiding pregnancy. COC is sometimes associated to side effects, but its non-contraceptive beneficial effects are becoming known day by day. There is evidence of the good quality associated to the use of COC with the improvement of dysmenorrhea, decrease of menstrual bleeding and improvement of premenstrual syndrome. It is also known that the use of COC protects against pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and ectopic pregnancy, reduces bone mineral loss and is effective in the treatment of mild and moderate acne. Furthermore, COC decreases the incidence of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Knowing these beneficial effects is of interest, both for the health care professionals and for women.

Key words:
combined oral contraceptives
non-contraceptive benefits
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Copyright © 2009. Elsevier España S.L y Sociedad Española de Medicina Rural y Generalista (SEMERGEN)
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