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Vol. 47. Issue 1.
Pages 9-15 (January - March 2021)
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Vol. 47. Issue 1.
Pages 9-15 (January - March 2021)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.remle.2019.12.001
Factors associated with the identification of dismembered bodies in Medellín, Colombia
Factores asociados a la identificación de cuerpos descuartizados o desmembrados en Medellín (Colombia)
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Catalina Vásquez Guarína,
Corresponding author
, Jennifer García Ospinaa, Carlos Federico Molina Castañob
a Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses, Medellín, Colombia
b Tecnologico de Antioquia y grupo BISMA, Medellín, Colombia
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics and types of trauma of the quartered or dismembered bodies admitted to Medellin INMLCF from 2013 to 2017.
Table 2. Sociodemographic factors and types of trauma associated with the identification of quartered or dismembered bodies admitted to Medellin INMLCF from 2013 to 2017.
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Resumen
Objetivo

Caracterizar los cuerpos desmembrados o descuartizados abordados en la Unidad Básica Medellín del Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses (INMLCFM) y establecer los factores asociados con su identificación.

Materiales y métodos

Estudio de corte transversal de registros de cuerpos descuartizados o desmembrados que ingresaron al INMLCFM entre los años 2013 y 2017. Para evaluar las variables asociadas a la identificación de los cadáveres descuartizados o desmembrados se aplicó el test estadístico de chi-cuadrado.

Resultados

En el periodo de estudio se encontraron un total de 54 cadáveres, los factores asociados con la identificación de los cuerpos fueron cuerpos de personas mayores de 26 años OR 1,22 IC95% (1.04–1.43) valor p 0.043; los cuerpos encontrados en sitios únicos OR 1,22 IC95% (1.04–1.43) valor p 0.043. Mientras que los factores que se asociaron con una mayor probabilidad de no lograr una identificación fueron ser hombre OR 1,14 IC95% (1.02–1.27) valor p 0.435 y los cuerpos descuartizados OR 1,14 IC95% (1.02–1.28) valor p 0.354.

Discusión

La identificación de cuerpos descuartizados y desmembrados es un reto para el médico forense colombiano, pero conocer los factores asociados con su identificación favorece su adecuado abordaje lo que mejoraría este proceso.

Palabras clave:
Cadáver
Desmembramiento de cadáver
Identificación
Autopsia
Abstract
Objective

To characterise the dismembered bodies dealt with in the Medellín Basic Unit of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences (INMLCF) and establish the factors associated with their identification.

Materials and methods

Cross-sectional study of records of dismembered bodies that entered the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Medellin between 2013 and 2017. To evaluate the variables associated with the identification of dismembered bodies, using the chi-square statistical test.

Results

A total of 54 bodies were found during the study period, the factors associated with the identification of the bodies were bodies of people older than 26 years OR 1.22 95% CI (1.04–1.43) p value .043 and bodies found in unique sites OR 1.22 95% CI (1.04–1.43) p value .043. The factors that were associated with a higher probability of not achieving identification were being male OR 1.14 95% CI (1.02–1.27) p value .435 and dismembered bodies OR 1.14 95% CI (1.02–1.28) p value .354.

Discussion

The identification of dismembered bodies is a challenge for the Colombian coroner, but knowing the factors associated with their identification enables an appropriate approach which would improve this process.

Keywords:
Cadaver
Corpse dismemberment
Identification
Autopsy

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