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Revista Científica de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Neurológica (English ed.)
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Vol. 46.
Pages 18-25 (July - December 2017)
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Vol. 46.
Pages 18-25 (July - December 2017)
Original article
Benefits of personalised nurse counselling in neurological patients
Beneficios de la consejería personalizada de enfermería en pacientes neurológicos
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Verenice Cazares Miranda
Corresponding author
, Laura Solís Flores, Maria Guadalupe Granados Rangel, Flora Méndoza Hernández, Juan Carlos López Alvarenga
Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico
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Table 1. Baseline characteristic of the groups under comparison.
Table 2. Logistic regression of the benefits achieved in patients who received personalised nurse counselling compared with the control group.
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Abstract
Objective

To assess an educational counselling intervention, based on personalised nurse counselling (NC) in neurological patients [with a diagnosis of epilepsy, myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, spinal cord injury, and aneurysms].

Method

A total of 171 patients were included and sequentially randomised into two arms and followed-up for one year: NC (n=100), and controls (n=71) who were given conventional inpatient care. The independence level was evaluated (Barthel Index), as well as the treatment adherence (Morisky Green Scale), both included in the Marjory Gordon Functional Health Pattern Assessment guidelines. ANCOVA and logistic regression were used (OR; 95% CI), and the size of effect (sef) was calculated.

Results

The NC group had a higher score of treatment adherence (sef, 74%) and independence (sef, 23%); engaged in recreational activities (OR=6.0; 95% CI; 1.27–4.72), productive activities (OR=4.0; 95% CI; 2.19–8.9), recognition of warning signs and symptoms (OR=9.5; 95% CI; 4.63–21.5), received timely rehabilitation (OR=13.37; 95% CI; 4.56–86.82), and had less urination problems (OR=3.8; 95% CI; 1.89–7.8).

Conclusions

NC shows outstanding benefits for the patients’ health, of treatment adherence, and independence, and enables the patient to return to work and to carry out other daily activities.

Discussion

We agree with other authors in that it is essential to provide personalised health education to patients with neurological disease and their families.

Keywords:
Counselling
Health educational
Neurological disorders
Nursing model
Self-care
Resumen
Objetivo

Evaluar una intervención de enfermería basada en consejería personalizada de enfermería (CE) dirigido a pacientes neurológicos con diagnósticos de epilepsia, miastenia gravis, esclerosis múltiple, enfermedad vascular cerebral, lesión medular y aneurisma.

Método

Los pacientes fueron asignados en forma secuencial a 2 grupos: CE (n=100) o al grupo control, que recibió atención hospitalaria usual (n=71). Los 2 grupos se evaluaron durante un año. Se identificó el efecto del CE en el grado de independencia (medido con el índice de Barthel), la adherencia al tratamiento (medido con la escala de Morisky Green) integradas en la guía de valoración con los 11 patrones funcionales de Marjory Gordon. Se realizó ANCOVA y regresión logística (OR; IC 95%) y se calculó el tamaño del efecto (ef).

Resultados

El grupo CE mostró mayor adherencia al tratamiento (ef: 74%), independencia (ef: 23%), realizó actividades recreativas (OR=6,0;IC 95%: 1,27, 4,72), actividades productivas (OR=4,0;IC 95%:2,19, 8,9), identificó signos y síntomas de alarma (OR=9,5;IC 95%: 4,63, 21,5), realizó rehabilitación oportuna (OR=13,37;IC 95%: 4,56, 86,82) y tuvo menos problemas de micción (OR=3,8; IC 95%: 1,89, 7,8).

Conclusiones

El CE mostró notables beneficios, destaca la adherencia al tratamiento y el aumento de la independencia, lo que favorece su reincorporación al trabajo y otras actividades cotidianas.

Discusión

Coincidimos con otros autores en que es indispensable dar educación para la salud a pacientes con enfermedad neurológica y a sus familiares de manera personalizada.

Palabras clave:
Consejo
Educación para la salud
Enfermedad neurológica
Modelo de enfermería
Autocuidado

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