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Inicio Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio Development of sustainable calcium silicate board: Utilization of different soli...
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Vol. 58. Issue 6.
Pages 274-284 (November - December 2019)
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Vol. 58. Issue 6.
Pages 274-284 (November - December 2019)
DOI: 10.1016/j.bsecv.2019.06.003
Open Access
Development of sustainable calcium silicate board: Utilization of different solid wastes
Desarrollo de tableros de silicato de calcio sostenibles: utilización de diferentes residuos sólidos
S.K.S. Hossain
Corresponding author
, P.K. Roy
Department of Ceramic Engineering, IIT (BHU), Varanasi 221005, U.P., India
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Figures (8)
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Chemical composition of raw materials.
Table 2. Sample's nomenclature and composition.
Table 3. Apparent porosity, bulk density, water absorption and expansion in water of cured CSB samples.
Table 4. Compressive strength, bending strength, humidity effect and thermal conductivity of cured CB samples.
Table 5. Comparison of properties between s-5 sample and obtained in the literature using other wastes.
Table 6. Comparison of properties between s-5 sample and company data [55].
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The present investigation aims to estimate the feasibility of using eggshell and rice husk ash (RHA) as ingredients to produce calcium silicate board (CSB). The solid-state route was used to prepare the calcium silicate (CS) powder through the mixing of heat treated RHA (∼93% SiO2) and calcined eggshells (∼99% CaO) at 1050°C. CSB specimens were prepared at room temperature by simple curing process followed by mixing of different proportions of CS powder, ordinary portland cement (OPC) and unground rice husk ash (URHA). Several physicals, mechanical and thermal characterizations of the cured specimens were performed. The addition of OPC and URHA with CS were significantly influenced all the properties of CSB. The wastes derived CSB was exhibited low density (<1000kg/m3), comparable bending strength (∼6MPa) and low thermal conductivity (<0.153W/mK). These properties suggest that the waste derived board may be used in the internal lining of building for insulation.

Calcium silicate board
Rice husk ash
Humidity effect

La presente investigación tiene como objetivo estimar la viabilidad del uso de la cáscara de huevo y la ceniza de arroz (RHA) como ingredientes para producir placa de silicato de calcio (CSB). La ruta en estado sólido se usó para preparar el polvo de silicato de calcio (CS) a través de la mezcla de RHA tratada térmicamente (∼93% SiO2) y cáscaras de huevo calcinadas (∼99% CaO) a 1.050°C. Las muestras de CSB se prepararon a temperatura ambiente mediante un proceso de curado simple seguido de la mezcla de diferentes proporciones de polvo de CS, cemento Portland normal (OPC) y ceniza de cáscara de arroz sin moler (URHA). Se realizaron varias caracterizaciones físicas, mecánicas y térmicas de los especímenes curados. La adición de OPC y URHA con CS influyó significativamente en todas las propiedades de CSB. Los desechos derivados de CSB mostraron una baja densidad (<1.000kg/m3), una resistencia a la flexión comparable (∼6MPa) y una baja conductividad térmica (<0,153W/m-K). Estas propiedades sugieren que el tablero derivado de residuos se puede utilizar en el revestimiento interno del edificio para aislamiento.

Palabras clave:
Tablero de silicato de calcio
Cáscaras de huevo
Ceniza de cáscara de arroz
Efecto de la humedad
Samples nomenclature

calcium silicate powder


calcium silicate board


rice husk


rice husk ash


unground rice husk ash


ordinary portland cement


X-ray diffraction


scanning electron microscopy


bulk density


apparent porosity


differential thermal and thermogravimetric analysis


humidity effect


thermal conductivity

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The authors are grateful to the DIC (IIT (BHU) & BHU), India for the financial assistance and also wish to thank CIFC (IIT BHU) for providing facilities.

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