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Vol. 16. Núm. 2.
Páginas 69-76 (Abril - Junio 2012)
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Vol. 16. Núm. 2.
Páginas 69-76 (Abril - Junio 2012)
DOI: 10.1016/S2173-1292(12)70075-3
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Efecto del consumo de soja en relación con los síntomas de la menopausia
The effect of soy intake on menopausal symptoms
Visitas
...
Andrea Pérez Roviraa,??
Autor para correspondencia
andrea_provira@hotmail.com

Autor para correspondencia.
, Núria Mach Casellasa,b
a Àrea de Cièncias de la Salut, Institut Internacional de Postgrau, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona, España
b INRA, Département de Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, Jouy-en-Josas, Francia
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Resumen

La menopausia se caracteriza por el cese de la función ovárica y la disminución hormonal de estrógenos. Estos cambios conllevan una serie de trastornos que pueden afectar a la vida de la mujer. La medicina, debido a la influencia de la industria farmacéutica, tiende a actuar de forma agresiva, y como consecuencia tenemos una población polimedicada. Los médicos suelen recetar tratamientos, como la terapia hormonal sustitutiva (THS), que ayuda a controlar estos síntomas. No obstante, recientemente varios estudios han demostrado efectos adversos asociados a la THS. Actualmente se conoce la influencia de la dieta en muchas de las enfermedades que afectan a la población de los países occidentales. Así, sla soja dietética y algunos suplementos de isoflavonas se han propuesto como alternativas para paliar los síntomas de la menopausia. Varios estudios indican que se puede utilizar las isoflavonas, de gran potencia estrogénica, como alternativa a la THS por su capacidad de reducir los síntomas menopáusicos. No obstante, el conocimiento sobre los efectos de la ingesta de isoflavonas en los síntomas de la menopausia es escaso y las publicaciones científicas recientes muestran resultados dispares. Para esclarecer esta información, el objetivo de esta revisión es describir algunos de los mecanismos mediante los cuales ejercen su acción las isoflavonas, y sus acciones beneficiosas, postulando que, como suplementos alimentarios, se podría utilizarlos como tratamiento complementario para algunos de los síntomas de la menopausia, lo que permitiría disminuir las dosis de THS.

Palabras clave:
Fitoestrógenos
Isoflavonas de soja
Menopausia
Terapia hormonal sustitutiva
Abstract

The menopause is characterized by a reduction in ovarian function and estrogen production. Altogether, these changes together lead to a series of disorders that may affect the woman's life style. Currently, medicine, influenced by the pharmaceutical industry, is prone to act aggressively against any symptoms, resulting in. polymedicated population. Doctors usually prescribe treatments such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT), to help them manage menopause symptoms. However, recently, several studies have reported adverse effects associated with this treatment. The influence of diet on several chronic diseases in western societies is currently well known. Therefore, dietary therapies, including dietary soy and isoflavone supplements, have been proposed for the reduction of menopause symptoms. Several published studies have suggested isoflavones, which have a great estrogenic power, as an HRT alternative for the relief of menopause symptoms. However, our current understanding on the effects of isoflavone supplements on the menopause symptoms is limited, and scientific publications show heterogenous results. Due to those arguments, the objective of this review is to address some of the mechanisms of isoflavones and their role in the menopausal period, postulating that, as food supplements, they could be used as a complementary therapy for menopause symptoms.

Keywords:
Hormone replacement therapy
Menopause
Phytoestrogens
Soy isoflavones
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