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Vol. 16. Núm. 4.
Páginas 137-142 (Octubre - Diciembre 2012)
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Vol. 16. Núm. 4.
Páginas 137-142 (Octubre - Diciembre 2012)
DOI: 10.1016/S2173-1292(12)70088-1
Acceso a texto completo
Diámetro abdominal sagital: aplicaciones en la práctica clínica
Sagittal Abdominal Diameter: Application in Clinical Practice
Visitas
...
Thaís Da Silva Ferreiraa, Gabriela De Azevedo Abreub, Marcelly Cunha Oliveira Dos Santos Lopesa, Vanessa Chaia Kaipperta, Eliane Lopes Rosadoa,??
Autor para correspondencia
elianerosado@nutricao.ufrj.br

Autor para correspondencia.
a Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
b Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Información del artículo
Resumen
Bibliografía
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Resumen

El exceso de tejido adiposo visceral se asocia con factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Recientemente, el diámetro abdominal sagital (DAS) se ha convertido en un indicador de obesidad central y puede ayudar en la predicción del riesgo cardiovascular. El objetivo del estudio es revisar la literatura científica sobre la utilización del DAS para evaluación nutricional de adultos. Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda de artículos científicos en las bases de datos electrónicas SciELO , MEDLINE (PubMed) y Biblioteca Virtual de Salud. El DAS se asocia con la grasa abdominal (especialmente visceral) y diferentes factores de riesgo cardiovascular, como resistencia a la insulina, presión arterial y lipoproteínas plasmáticas, en mayor magnitud que indicadores tradicionales como el índice de masa corporal y la relación cintura/cadera. El DAS se puede utilizar en combinación con otras medidas antropométricas. Todavía no hay puntos de corte establecidos para la clasificación. El DAS puede ser una alternativa para estimar la grasa visceral, pero el pequeño número de estudios y la falta de consenso sobre la referencia anatómica para el registro de medidas dificultan la determinación del punto de corte para su interpretación.

Palabras clave:
Grasa abdominal
Diámetro abdominal sagital
Antropometría
Abstract

Excess visceral fat is associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) has recently been highlighted as an indicator of abdominal obesity, and also may be useful in predicting cardiovascular risk. The purpose of the present study was to review the scientific literature on the use of SAD in adult nutritional assessment. A search was conducted for scientific articles in the following electronic databases: SciELO, MEDLINE (PubMed) and Virtual Health Library. SAD is more associated with abdominal fat (especially visceral), and with different cardiovascular risk factors, such as, insulin resistance, blood pressure, and serum lipoproteins than the traditional methods of estimating adiposity, such as body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. SAD can also be used in association with other anthropometric measures. There are still no cut-off limits established to classify SAD as yet. SAD can be an alternative measure to estimate visceral adiposity. However, the few studies on this diameter, and the lack of consensus on the anatomical site to measure SAD, are obstacles to establish cut-off limits to classify it. opulation studied developed DM2 or IFG. These diagnoses were related with IR and PFBC.

Keywords:
Abdominal fat
Sagittal abdominal diameter
Anthropometry
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