Buscar en
Medicina Clínica
Toda la web
Inicio Medicina Clínica Clinical characteristics of 11 asymptomatic patients with COVID-19
Información de la revista
Vol. 155. Núm. 2.
Páginas 87-88 (Julio 2020)
Compartir
Compartir
Descargar PDF
Más opciones de artículo
Visitas
284
Vol. 155. Núm. 2.
Páginas 87-88 (Julio 2020)
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcli.2020.04.013
Acceso a texto completo
Clinical characteristics of 11 asymptomatic patients with COVID-19
Características clínicas de 11 pacientes asintomáticos con COVID-19
Visitas
...
Bao Fu, Xiaoyun Fu
Autor para correspondencia
zyyxyfxy@163.com

Corresponding author.
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Dalian Road 149, Zunyi City 563000, Guizhou Province, China
Información del artículo
Texto completo
Bibliografía
Descargar PDF
Estadísticas
Tablas (1)
Table 1. summary of asymptomatic patients.
Texto completo
Dear Editor:

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus that occurred in Wuhan, China, has spread to all over the world. The disease was named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the virus was designated as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by WHO. Person-to-person transmission has been demonstrated and the main infection source was the patients who with COVID-19. Respiratory droplet transmission is the main route of transmission, and it can also be transmitted through contact.1 SARS-CoV-2 has high pathogenicity and transmissibility, being more infectious than MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV.2 Therefore, the Chinese government has implemented the most stringent control measures, and effectively reduced the spread of the epidemic. The vast majority of patients with COVID-19 presented with fever and cough, but we found that some patients were infected with SARS-CoV-2 without any symptoms. Here, we reported 11 asymptomatic patients were found in Guizhou Province. They were laboratory-confirmed positive for the COVID-19 virus by testing RNA of the pharyngeal swab samples.

One of the 11 patients was a 6-year-old child, and the rest were young or middle-aged (27–56 years old, Table 1). Of 11 patients, 6 were male and 5 female. 2 male had hypertension and 1 female had a history of breast carcinoma (Table 1). 5 patients had a history of exposure in Wuhan, and all of them were isolated at home after return. 2 of the 5 patients were in isolation, and their relatives (without history of exposure to Wuhan) developed symptoms and were diagnosed. They were subsequently diagnosed with COVID-19. The other 3 patients returned to Guizhou province from Wuhan with their relatives and were then isolated at home. Some of their relatives developed fever or cough and were diagnosed with COVID-19. None of these 3 patients showed any symptoms at admission and during admission. Therefore, we cannot determine whether their relatives’ infections originated from them. After returning from Wuhan, 1 of the 5 patients had been solitary isolated without infecting others.

Table 1.

summary of asymptomatic patients.

  Patient 1  Patient 2  Patient 3  Patient 4  Patient 5  Patient 6  Patient 7  Patient 8  Patient 9  Patient 10  Patient 11 
Gender  Male  Female  Male  Female  Female  Female  Male  Male  Male  Male  Female 
Age (years)  56  37  40  45  27  26  29  55  40  30 
Expoure to Wuhan  Yes  No  Yes  Yes  No  No  Yes  No  No  Yes  No 
Comorbidity  Hypertension  None  None  Breast carcinoma  None  None  None  None  None  Hypertension  None 
Chest CT  Bilateral  Normal  Bilateral  Bilateral  Normal  Normal  Normal  Right  Right  Bilateral  Normal 
Lymphocytopenia (109/L; normal range 1.1–3.2)  1.14  2.81  2.68  1.66  1.60  1.27  1.62  2.74  0.9  1.12  2.2 
Fever, cough and other symptoms  No  No  No  No  No  No  No  No  No  No  No 
Infect others  Relatives  a  a  Relatives  a  a  a  a  a  a  a 
Confirmed time or onset time  7 days after leaving Wuhan  6 days after contacting with confirmed person  11 days after leaving Wuhan  8 days after leaving Wuhan  5 days after contacting with confirmed person  8 days after contacting with confirmed person  5 days after leaving Wuhan  4 days after contacting with confirmed person  10 days after contacting with confirmed person  10 days after leaving Wuhan  12 days after contacting with confirmed person 
a

Unknown information that cannot be obtained.

6 of the 11 patients had no history of exposure to Wuhan and were all clustered cases. They had a history of close contacts with relatives or colleagues diagnosed with COVID-19, so it is difficult to determine whether they are the index patient. The lymphocytes of 11 patients were not significantly decreased. 6 of the 11 patients had abnormal CT findings, mainly showed ground-glass opacities. The other 5 patients had normal chest CT. All patients’ blood cells, liver function, renal function, coagulation function and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were in normal range. None of the 11 patients developed severe pneumonia as of March 5, 2020, and 4 patients showed typical symptoms (fever, cough, fatigue, etc.) during hospitalization. Generally, these asymptomatic patients were mildly ill as compared to those reported in Wuhan, Hubei.3

On January 24, The Lancet reported a familial cluster of SARS-CoV-2 infection.4 In this family, there was an asymptomatic child presenting with no fever, respiratory tract or gastrointestinal symptoms, but with ground glass lung opacities on chest CT. Subsequently, asymptomatic patients appeared in many Chinese cities, in which majority having an epidemiological history. A recent report suggested that an asymptomatic carrier was able to transmit the SARS-CoV-2 to another person in Germany.5 In our report, 2 patients were the index patient and transmitted virus to their relatives. Hence, asymptomatic persons have become a potential source of SARS-CoV-2 infection. To prevent and find asymptomatic carriers are the key to prevent the spread of the epidemic. Persons with family members with SARS-CoV-2 infection should be closely monitored and examined to rule out infection, even if they do not have any symptoms. After discharge, patients should be further isolated and received continuous SARS-CoV-2 RNA tests.

Compliance with ethical standards

Written consent from the patient was waived, because of entirely anonymized images from which the individual cannot be identified.

Funding

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81760206).

Author contributions

FC collected clinical data. BF drafted the manuscript. XYF designed the study.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Availability of supporting data

The data sets supporting the results of this article are included within the article.

Conflicts of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Acknowledgement

We thank all patients included in this study. We are really grateful to all the health workers around the world. Their expertise & humanity are fundamental to stop SARS-COV-2 from spreading further.

References
[1]
Y.H. Jin, L. Cai, Z.S. Cheng, H. Cheng, T. Deng, Y.P. Fan, et al.
A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version).
[2]
[The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China].
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi=Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi, 41 (2020), pp. 145-151
[3]
C. Huang, Y. Wang, X. Li, L. Ren, J. Zhao, Y. Hu, et al.
Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China.
[4]
J.F. Chan, S. Yuan, K.H. Kok, K.K. To, H. Chu, J. Yang, et al.
A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster.
[5]
C. Rothe, M. Schunk, P. Sothmann, G. Bretzel, G. Froeschl, C. Wallrauch, et al.
Transmission of 2019-nCoV infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany.
N Engl J Med, 382 (2020), pp. 970-971
Copyright © 2020. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
Opciones de artículo
Herramientas
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos

es en pt
Política de cookies Cookies policy Política de cookies
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here. Utilizamos cookies próprios e de terceiros para melhorar nossos serviços e mostrar publicidade relacionada às suas preferências, analisando seus hábitos de navegação. Se continuar a navegar, consideramos que aceita o seu uso. Você pode alterar a configuração ou obter mais informações aqui.