Buscar en
Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa CEDE
Toda la web
Inicio Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa CEDE Factores determinantes de la intención de cambio estratégico: el papel de los ...
Información de la revista
Vol. 13. Núm. 42.
Páginas 75-112 (Marzo 2010)
Compartir
Compartir
Descargar PDF
Más opciones de artículo
Vol. 13. Núm. 42.
Páginas 75-112 (Marzo 2010)
DOI: 10.1016/S1138-5758(10)70004-9
Open Access
Factores determinantes de la intención de cambio estratégico: el papel de los equipos directivos
Determinants of Strategic Change Intent: The Role of Top Management Teams
Visitas
...
Luz Sánchez Peinado**, Esther Sánchez Peinado***, Alejandro Escribá Esteve****
** Departmento de Dirección de Empresas. Universidad de Valencia. Avda. de los Naranjos, s/n. 46022 Valencia, España Teléfono: +34 96 382 83 12; Fax: +34 96 382 83 33
*** Departmento de Dirección de Empresas. Universidad de Valencia. Avda. de los Naranjos, s/n. 46022 Valencia, España Teléfono: +34 96 382 88 94; Fax: +34 96 382 83 33
**** Departmento de Dirección de Empresas. Universidad de Valencia. Avda. de los Naranjos, s/n. 46022 Valencia, España Teléfono: +34 96 382 88 80; Fax: +34 96 382 83 33
Información del artículo
Resumen

La capacidad de una empresa para adaptarse y responder a las oportunidades y presiones del entorno es uno de los aspectos más importantes en la búsqueda de la competitividad y de la supervivencia. Este trabajo pretende mejorar la comprensión de los factores que influyen en la intención de impulsar cambios en el contenido de la estrategia, analizando los factores motivadores y de resistencia tradicionalmente considerados, así como el papel facilitador de las características de los equipos directivos. Nuestros resultados resaltan que la heterogeneidad de los equipos directivos facilita la predisposición a impulsar cambios en las estrategias competitivas y corporativas, y que los cambios en la composición de los equipos dinamizan el cambio en el nivel competitivo. Asimismo, los resultados apuntan que la intencionalidad del cambio estratégico está fuertemente relacionada con el modo en que los directivos perciben e interpretan la evolución de las condiciones del entorno, con el nivel de complacencia y satisfacción de los directivos con los resultados de la empresa, y de su apego y compromiso con las estrategias actuales.

Palabras clave:
Cambio estratégico
factores motivadores y de inercia
percepciones directivas
características del equipo
Abstract

The ability of a firm to adapt and respond to the environmental opportunities and threats constitutes a key factor in the search for survival and competitiveness. This paper aims to improve our understanding about which factors have an influence on the decisions to renew the strategy content, by examining the factors that ease or limit change, as well as the facilitator role of the characteristics of the Top Management Teams. Our results show that TMT heterogeneity facilitates the willingness to impulse strategic changes both at the corporate and the competitive level, and that changes in the TMT composition may promote an internal debate and deliberation within the team about the future competitive arguments. In addition, our results point out that the intentionality of strategic change is closely related to how managers perceive and interpret the environmental changes, their level of complacency and satisfaction with the firms’ performance and their commitment with the current strategy.

Keywords:
Strategic change
motivators and inertia factors
managerial perceptions
top management team characteristics
El Texto completo está disponible en PDF
Referencias bibliográficas
[Auh and Menguc, 2005]
S. Auh, B. Menguc.
«Top management team diversity and innovativeness: The moderating role of interfunctional coordination».
Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 34 (2005), pp. 249-261
[Barkema and Shvyrkov, 2007]
H.G. Barkema, O. Shvyrkov.
«Does top Management team Diversity promote or hamper foreign expansion?.
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 28 (2007), pp. 663-680
[Barr et al., 1992]
P.S. Barr, J.L. Stimpert, A.S. Huff.
«Cognitive Change, Strategic Action, and Organizational Renewal».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 13 (1992), pp. 15-36
[Birley and Westhead, 1990]
S. Birley, P. Westhead.
«Growth and Performance Contrasts between ‘Types’ of Small Firms».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 11 (1990), pp. 535-557
[Blau, 1977]
P. Blau.
Inequality and heterogeneity.
Free Press, (1977),
[Boeker, 1989]
W. Boeker.
«Strategic change: the effects of founding and history».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 32 (1989), pp. 489-515
[Boeker, 1997a]
W. Boeker.
«Executive migration and strategic change: The effect of Top Manager movement on Product-Market Entry».
Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 42 (1997), pp. 213-236
[Boeker, 1997b]
W. Boeker.
«Strategic change: the influence of managerial characteristics and organizational growth».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 40 (1997), pp. 152-170
[Boeker and Goodstein, 1991]
W. Boeker, J. Goodstein.
«Organizational performance and adaptation: Effects of environment and performance on changes in board composition».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 34 (1991), pp. 805-826
[Boone and de Brabander, 1993]
C. Boone, B. de Brabander.
«Generalized vs. Specific Locus of Control Expectancies of Chief Executive Officers».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 14 (1993), pp. 619-625
[Bowman and Ambrosini, 1997]
C. Bowman, V. Ambrosini.
«Using single respondents in strategy research».
British Journal of Management, vol. 8 (1997), pp. 119-131
[Bunderson, 2003]
J.S. Bunderson.
«Team member functional background and involvement in management teams: direct effects and the moderating role of power centralization».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 46 (2003), pp. 458-474
[Bunderson and Sutcliffe, 2002]
J.S. Bunderson, K.M. Sutcliffe.
«Comparing Alternative Conceptualizations of Functional Diversity in Management Teams: Process and Performance Effects».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 45 (2002), pp. 875-893
[Camelo-Ordaz and Valle-Cabrera, 2005]
C. Camelo-Ordaz, R. Valle-Cabrera.
«Efectos de la diversidad del equipo de alta dirección del proceso de búsqueda de acuerdos en la visión innovadora de las empresas».
Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa, (2005), pp. 5-30
[Carpenter, 2002]
M.A. Carpenter.
«The implications of strategy and social context for the relationship between top management team heterogeneity and firm performance».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 23 (2002), pp. 275-284
[Child, 1972]
J. Child.
«Organization structure, environment, and performance: the role of strategic choice».
Sociology, vol. 6 (1972), pp. 1-22
[Cho and Hambrick, 2006]
T.S. Cho, D.C. Hambrick.
«Attention as the Mediator Between Top Management Team Characteristics and Strategic Change: The Case of Airline Deregulation».
Organization Science, vol. 17 (2006), pp. 453-469
[Dass, 2000]
P. Dass.
«Relationship of Firm Size, Initial Diversification, and Internationalization with Strategic Change».
Journal of Business Research, vol. 48 (2000), pp. 135-146
[Dewet, 2004]
T. Dewet.
«Creativity and strategic management: Individual and group considerations concerning decision alternatives in the top management teams».
Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 19 (2004), pp. 156-169
[Dillman, 2000]
D.A. Dillman.
Mail and Internet Surveys: The Tailored Design Method.
John Wiley & Sons, (2000),
[Dutton and Duncan, 1987]
J. Dutton, R. Duncan.
«The creation of momentum for change through the process of strategic issue diagnosis».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 8 (1987), pp. 279-296
[Entrialgo, 2002]
M. Entrialgo.
«The impact of the alignment of strategy and managerial characteristics on Spanish SMEs».
Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 40 (2002), pp. 260-270
[Finkelstein and Hambrick, 1990]
S. Finkelstein, D.C. Hambrick.
«Top-management-team tenure and organizational outcomes: the moderating role of managerial discretion».
Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 35 (1990), pp. 484-503
[Finkelstein and Hambrick, 1996]
S. Finkelstein, D.C. Hambrick.
Strategic leadership: Top executives and their effect on organizations.
West, (1996),
[Galán and Sánchez, 2006]
J.I. Galán, M.J. Sánchez.
«Influence of industry R&D intensity on corporate product diversification: interaction effect of free cash flow».
Industrial and Corporate Change, vol. 15 (2006), pp. 531-547
[Gersik, 1994]
C.J.G. Gersik.
«Pacing strategic change: The case of a new venture».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 37 (1994), pp. 9-45
[Goll et al., 2007]
I. Goll, N.B. Johnson, A.A. Rasheed.
«Knowledge capability, strategic change, and firm performance».
Management Decision, vol. 45 (2007), pp. 161-179
[Goodstein and Boeker, 1991]
J. Goodstein, W. Boeker.
«Turbulence at the top: a new perspective on governance structure changes and strategic change».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 34 (1991), pp. 306-330
[Gordon et al., 2000]
S.S. Gordon, W.H. Stewart, R. Sweo, W.A. Luker.
«Convergence versus strategic reorientation: the antecedents of fast-paced organizational change».
Journal of Management, vol. 26 (2000), pp. 911-945
[Greiner and Bhambri, 1989]
L.E. Greiner, A. Bhambri.
«New CEO Intervention and Dynamics of Deliberate Strategic Change».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 10 (1989), pp. 67-86
[Hambrick and Mason, 1984]
D.C. Hambrick, P.A. Mason.
«Upper Echelons: The organization as a reflection of its top managers».
Academy of Management Review, vol. 9 (1984), pp. 193-206
[Hambrick et al., 1996]
D.C. Hambrick, T.S. Cho, M.J. Chen.
«The influence of Top Management Team heterogeneity on firms’ competitive moves».
Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 41 (1996), pp. 659-684
[Hambrick et al., 1993]
D.C. Hambrick, M.A. Geletkanycz, J.W. Fredrickson.
«Top executive commitment to the status quo: some tests of its determinants».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 18 (1993), pp. 401-418
[Hannan and Freeman, 1989]
M.T. Hannan, J. Freeman.
Organizational Ecology.
Harvard University Press, (1989),
[Harveston et al., 2000]
P.D. Harveston, B.L. Kedia, P.S. Davis.
«Internationalization of born global and gradual globalizing firms: The impact of the manager».
Advances in Competitiveness Research, vol. 8 (2000), pp. 92-99
[Hill and Snell, 1988]
C.W.L. Hill, S.A. Snell.
«External Control, Corporate Strategy, and Firm Performance in Research – Intensive Industries».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 9 (1988), pp. 577-590
[Hofer and Schendel, 1978]
C.W. Hofer, D. Schendel.
Strategy formulation: Analytical concepts.
West Publishing Co, (1978),
[Huff et al., 1992]
J.O. Huff, A.S. Huff, H. Thomas.
«Strategic renewal and the interaction of cumulative stress and inertia».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 13 (1992), pp. 55-75
[Kelly and Amburgey, 1991]
D. Kelly, T.L. Amburgey.
«Organizational inertia and momentum: A dynamic model of strategic change».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 34 (1991), pp. 591-612
[Kilduff et al., 2000]
M. Kilduff, R. Angelmar, A. Mehra.
«Top Management-Team Diversity and Firm Performance: Examining the Role of Cognitions».
Organization Science, vol. 11 (2000), pp. 21-34
[Knight et al., 1999]
D. Knight, C.L. Pearce, K.G. Smith, J.D. Olian, H.P. Sims, K.A. Smith, P. Flood.
«Top management team diversity, group process, and strategic consensus».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 20 (1999), pp. 445-465
[Kraatz and Zajac, 2001]
M.S. Kraatz, E.J. Zajac.
«How organizational resources affect strategic change and performance in turbulent environments: theory and evidence».
Organization Science, vol. 12 (2001), pp. 632-657
[Lant et al., 1992]
T.K. Lant, F.J. Milliken, B. Batra.
«The role of managerial learning and interpretation in strategic persistence and reorientation: An empirical exploration».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 13 (1992), pp. 585-608
[Lawrence, 1997]
B.S. Lawrence.
«The Black Box of Organizational Demography».
Organization Science, vol. 8 (1997), pp. 1-22
[Levinthal and March, 1993]
D.A. Levinthal, J.G. March.
«The Myopia of Learning».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 14 (1993), pp. 95-112
[March and Simon, 1958]
J.G. March, H. Simon.
Organizations.
Wiley, (1958),
[Miller and Friesen, 1980]
D. Miller, P.H. Friesen.
«Momentum and Revolution in Organizational Adaptation».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 23 (1980), pp. 591-614
[Milliken and Martins, 1996]
F.J. Milliken, L.L. Martins.
«Searching for Common Threads: Understanding the Multiple Effects of Diversity in Organizational Groups».
Academy of Management Review, vol. 21 (1996), pp. 402-433
[Naranjo-Gil, 2006]
D. Naranjo-Gil.
«El papel del equipo directivo en la gestión de la estrategia. Un estudio empírico».
Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa, (2006), pp. 83-106
[Naranjo-Gil and Hartmann, 2006]
D. Naranjo-Gil, F. Hartmann.
«How top management teams use management accounting systems to implement strategy».
Journal of Management accounting research, vol. 18 (2006), pp. 21-53
[Naranjo-Gil et al., 2008]
D. Naranjo-Gil, F. Hartmann, V.S. Maas.
«Top management team heterogeneity, strategic change and operational performance».
British Journal of Management, vol. 19 (2008), pp. 222-234
[Papadakis and Barwise, 2002]
V.M. Papadakis, P. Barwise.
«How much do CEOs and Top Managers Matter in Strategic Decision-Making».
British Journal of Management, vol. 13 (2002), pp. 83-95
[Priem et al., 1999]
R. Priem, D.W. Lyon, G.G. Dess.
«Inherent Limitations of Demographic Proxies in Top Management Team Heterogeneity Research».
Journal of Management, 25 (1999), pp. 935-953
[Rajagopalan and Spreitzer, 1997]
N. Rajagopalan, G. Spreitzer.
«Toward a Theory of Strategic Change: A Multi-lens Perspective and Integrative Framework».
Academy of Management Review, vol. 22 (1997), pp. 48-79
[Romanelli and Tushman, 1986]
E. Romanelli, M.L. Tushman.
«Inertia, Environments, and Strategic Choice: A Quasi-Experimental Design for Comparative-Longitudinal Research».
Management Science, vol. 32 (1986), pp. 608-621
[Romanelli and Tushman, 1994]
E. Romanelli, M.L. Tushman.
«Organizational Transformation as Punctuated Equilibrium: An Empirical Test».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 37 (1994), pp. 1141-1166
[Santos and García, 2007]
M.V. Santos, M.T. García.
«The complexity of the organizational renewal decision: the management role».
Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 28 (2007), pp. 336-355
[Simsek et al., 2005]
Z. Simsek, J.F. Veiga, M.H. Lubatkin, R.N. Dino.
«Modeling the multilevel determinants of top management team behavioural integration».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 48 (2005), pp. 69-84
[Suárez-Ortega and Álamo-Vera, 2005]
S. Suárez-Ortega, F.R. Álamo-Vera.
«SMEs’ internationalization: firms and managerial factors».
International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, vol. 11 (2005), pp. 258-279
[Tushman and Romanelli, 1985]
M. Tushman, E. Romanelli.
«Organization evolution: a metamorphosis model of convergence and reorientation».
pp. 171-222
[Tushman and Romanelli, 1986]
M. Tushman, E. Romanelli.
«Uncertainty, Social Location and Influence in Decision Making: A Sociometric Analysis».
Management Science, vol. 29 (1986), pp. 12-23
[Tushman et al., 1986]
M.L. Tushman, W.H. Newman, E. Romanelli.
«Convergence and Upheaval: Managing the Unsteady Pace of Organizational Evolution».
California Management Review, vol. 29 (1986), pp. 29-44
[Vaaler and McNamara, 2008]
P.M. Vaaler, G. McNamara.
«Are Technology-Intensive Industries More Dynamically Competitive? No and Yes».
Organization Science, (2008),
[Wally and Becerra, 2001]
S. Wally, M. Becerra.
«Top Management Team Characteristics and Strategic Changes in International Diversification. The case of U.S. multinationals in the European Community».
Group and Organization Management, vol. 26 (2001), pp. 165-188
[Wiersema and Bantel, 1992]
M. Wiersema, K. Bantel.
«Top management team demography and corporate strategic change».
Academy of Management Journal, vol. 35 (1992), pp. 91-121
[Yokota and Mitsuhashi, 2008]
R. Yokota, H. Mitsuhashi.
«Attributive change in top management teams as a driver of strategic change».
Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol. 25 (2008), pp. 297-315
[Zajac et al., 2000]
E.J. Zajac, M.S. Kraatz, R.K.F. Bresser.
«Modeling the dynamics of strategic fit: a normative approach to strategic change».
Strategic Management Journal, vol. 21 (2000), pp. 429-454

Este trabajo se ha beneficiado de la ayuda económica de los proyectos de investigación GV2004-A-126 y ECO2009-07055 financiados por la Generalitat Valenciana y el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación respectivamente. Los autores agradecen los valiosos comentarios y sugerencias recibidas de los revisores anónimos de la revista CEDE, las cuales han sido de gran utilidad, así como las aportaciones de Zeki Simsek, Jack Veiga, Winfried Ruigrok y Alessandro Minichilli sobre las primeras versiones del trabajo.

Copyright © 2010. ACEDE
Opciones de artículo
Herramientas
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos