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Vol. 13. Núm. 45.
Páginas 93-114 (Diciembre 2010)
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Vol. 13. Núm. 45.
Páginas 93-114 (Diciembre 2010)
DOI: 10.1016/S1138-5758(10)70025-6
Open Access
The Relevance of Different Open Innovation Strategies for R&D Performers
Relevancia de distintas estrategias “Open Innovation” para las empresas que hacen I+D
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Lluis Santamaria
, Maria Jesus Nieto**, Andres Barge-Gil***
* Departamento de Economia de la Empresa, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. C/Madrid, 126-Getafe 28903. Tel.: +34-91-6248643; fax: + 34-91-6249607. Madrid-Spain
** Seccion de Organizacion de Empresas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. C/Madrid, 126-Getafe 28903. Madrid-Spain
*** Departamento de Fundamentos del Analisis Economico II, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Campus de Somosaguas s/n 28223. Madrid, Spain
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Abstract

The Open Innovation (OI) paradigm has emphasized the role of external knowledge in aiding internal R&D efforts. While most research based on this model has focused on high-tech sectors, this paper attempts to extend it to more mature industries. The study also analyzes a wide range of OI strategies and their relationships with different innovation outcomes. The empirical results, based on a large sample of Spanish manufacturing firms, show that OI strategies are highly effective tools for making internal R&D efforts more successful, both in high- and low-tech sectors. In addition, the study finds evidence that marketbased strategies are positively correlated to achieving process innovations, while partnering strategies have a similar relationship with product innovations. More formalized OI strategies, such as joint ventures, show positive relations with the achievement of patent results.

Key words:
Open Innovation strategies
internal R&D
innovation outputs
panel data
Spain
Low-tech sectors
Resumen

El paradigma “Open Innovation” (OI) enfatiza el papel del conocimiento externo como apoyo a los esfuerzos internos en I+D. La mayoria de investigaciones realizadas sobre este modelo se han centrado en sectores intensivos en tecnologia, mientras que en este trabajo se expande su aplicacion a sectores mas maduros. El estudio tambien analiza un amplio rango de estrategias OI y su relacion con distintos resultados innovadores. El analisis empirico, basado en una amplia muestra de empresas manufactureras espanolas, indica que las estrategias OI son mecanismos altamente efectivos para que los esfuerzos internos en I+D sean mas fructiferos, tanto en sectores de alta como baja intensidad tecnologica. Ademas, el estudio aporta evidencia sobre la relacion positiva entre estrategias basadas en relaciones de mercado y la consecucion de innovaciones en proceso, mientras que las estrategias de colaboracion tienen un vinculo similar con las innovaciones de producto. Estrategias de colaboracion mas formales, como las joint ventures, muestran una relacion positiva con la obtencion de patentes.

Palabras clave:
Estrategias “Open Innovation”
I+D interno
resultados innovadores
datos de panel
Espana
sectores de baja intensidad tecnologica
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