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Vol. 46. Núm. 5.
Páginas 467-471 (Septiembre - Octubre 2018)
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Vol. 46. Núm. 5.
Páginas 467-471 (Septiembre - Octubre 2018)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.12.005
Adherence to pharmacotherapy improves school performance in children with rhinitis and asthma
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J. Sáncheza,b,
Autor para correspondencia
jotamsc@yahoo.com

Corresponding author.
, A. Sáncheza,b,c, R. Cardonaa
a Group of Clinical and Experimental Allergy (GACE), IPS Universitaria, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
b Foundation for the Development of Medical and Biological Sciences (FUNDEMEB), Cartagena, Colombia
c Medicine Department, University Corporation Rafael Nuñez, Cartagena, Colombia
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Table 1. Characteristics of the patients.
Table 2. Risk factors for non-adherence. Risk factors were classified according to being modifiable or non-modifiable.
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Abstract
Background

Adherence to pharmacotherapy reduces symptoms of asthma and rhinitis, however, little is known of its impact on school performance.

Objective

To evaluate the impact of pharmacotherapy in absenteeism and school performance in a child population.

Methods

A cross-sectional study, carried out in eight schools. All participants and their parents were given a questionnaire assessing parameters related to respiratory diseases and pharmacotherapy. Data on school performance was obtained from the academic history of each child who participated in the study. Adherence to pharmacotherapy was classified as a correct use of therapy for more than five days per week.

Results

1109 children agreed to participate. Students were divided into two groups: symptomatic (36%) and asymptomatic (63%). The symptomatic group had a higher frequency of school absenteeism (1 vs. 3.1days/year/patient p<0.01) and lower academic performance (failed: 20% vs. 33% p<0.01). After dividing the symptomatic group between adherents and non-adherents to the pharmacotherapy, the group of adherents had a similar school performance to the asymptomatic group and it was significantly different from the no-adherent group.

Conclusion

Respiratory symptoms are associated with poor school performance and with an increase in school absenteeism, but adherence to pharmacotherapy can reduce these negative impacts in children.

Keywords:
Allergy
Learning
Absenteeism
Asthma
School performance
Rhinitis

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