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Update in Radiology
Available online 10 November 2021
Vascular compression syndromes: the value of Doppler ultrasonography
Síndromes de compresión vascular. Valor de la ecografía Doppler
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E. Rangel Villalobos
Corresponding author
eranvilla@yahoo.es

Corresponding author.
, T. Busquier Cerdán, X. Cortés Sañudo, I. Avilés Vázquez, R. Estellés López, C. Pérez Ramírez
Departamento de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain
Received 12 November 2019. Accepted 02 August 2021
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Abstract

Vascular compression syndromes arise when a vessel in a tight anatomic space is entrapped by another structure, resulting in diverse symptoms for which different imaging tests are used to diagnose. Radiologists need to be familiar with vascular compression syndromes and to be able to identify their most representative findings. This paper aims to review the principal symptoms of vascular compression, describing and illustrating the key findings on Doppler ultrasonography that enable accurate diagnosis and guide further workup, avoiding unnecessary invasive tests and pointing to the appropriate treatment.

Keywords:
Doppler ultrasound
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Renal nutcracker syndrome
Median arcuate ligament syndrome
Popliteal artery
Resumen

Los síndromes de compresión vascular consisten en el atrapamiento de un vaso por otra estructura en un espacio anatómico reducido, lo que provoca sintomatología diversa y para cuyo diagnóstico se emplean diferentes pruebas de imagen. Es importante familiarizarse con este tipo de patología y ser capaces de identificar sus hallazgos más representativos. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar los principales síndromes de compresión vascular, aportando datos clave de hallazgos en la ecografía Doppler que permitan establecer un diagnóstico acertado, evitar otras pruebas más agresivas o seleccionar aquellos pacientes que las requieran y orientar el tratamiento adecuado.

Palabras clave:
Ecografía Doppler
Síndrome del desfiladero torácico
Síndrome de cascanueces renal
Síndrome del ligamento arcuato medio
Arteria poplítea

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