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Inicio Medicina Clínica (English Edition) Statin therapy prior to hospitalization does not significantly influence sepsis ...
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Vol. 156. Issue 1.
Pages 13-16 (January 2021)
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Vol. 156. Issue 1.
Pages 13-16 (January 2021)
Brief report
Statin therapy prior to hospitalization does not significantly influence sepsis presentation or sepsis outcomes. A prospective, observational study
El tratamiento prehospitalario con estatinas no mejora el pronóstico de la sepsis: estudio observacional prospectivo
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Izaskun Azkarate
Corresponding author
izasazkarate@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Mikel Díez, Maialen Ganzarain, Estibaliz Salas, Gabriel Choperena, Itziar Eguibar
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Guipúzcoa, Spain
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Table 1. Organ dysfunctions secondary to sepsis according to the 2012 SSC guidelines.
Table 2. Comparative analysis of quantitative and qualitative variables.
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Abstract
Background

In addition to being effective at lowering cholesterol, statins seem to have immunomodulatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticoagulant effects.

Objective

To determine whether the presentation of sepsis and its outcome in patients who have had prehospital statin therapy are different.

Methods

A prospective, observational study was carried out on 1042 septic patients, for 5 consecutive years in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary hospital.

Results

317 (30.4%) septic patients were receiving statins prior to hospitalization. Patients on statin therapy were older (69.7 years old vs 62.2; p < .001), males (71.9% vs 65.7%; p = .047) and with a higher mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score (21.7 vs 20.1; p < .001). Renal dysfunction was observed in a greater proportion (60.3% vs 51.5%; p = .009) in statin users but without requiring more continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT). No differences were observed in Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, procalcitonin levels, source of infection, microorganism and nosocomial infections in ICU and hospital mortality or length of stay.

Conclusions

Statin therapy prior to hospitalization does not significantly influence sepsis presentation or sepsis outcomes.

Keywords:
Sepsis
Statins
Pleiotropic effects
Resumen
Introducción

Las estatinas, fármacos utilizados fundamentalmente por su efecto hipocolesterolemiante, parecen tener efectos inmunomoduladores, antioxidativos, anticoagulantes y antimicrobianos.

Objetivo

Analizar el impacto del uso prehospitalario de estatinas sobre la presentación y pronóstico de la sepsis.

Diseño

Estudio observacional prospectivo de 1.042 pacientes sépticos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) de un hospital de tercer nivel, durante un periodo de 5 años.

Resultados

Trescientos diecisiete (30,4%) pacientes sépticos recibían estatinas prehospitalariamente, siendo mayor el porcentaje de varones (71,9 versus 65,7%; p = 0,047), la edad (69,7 años versus 62,5; p < 0,001) y Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II (21,7 versus 20,1; p < 0,001), respecto a los que no las tomaban. Presentaron, al ingreso, una proporción superior de afectación renal (60,3 versus 51,5%; p = 0,009), sin mayor requerimiento de técnicas de reemplazo renal (TRR). No objetivamos diferencias en Secuencial Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), procalcitonina, foco, tipo de microorganismo, porcentaje de sepsis nosocomiales, mortalidad ni días de estancia intra-UCI ni hospitalaria global.

Conclusión

El uso prehospitalario de estatinas no influyó significativamente en la presentación y pronóstico de la sepsis.

Palabras clave:
Sepsis
Estatinas
Efectos pleiotrópicos

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