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Inicio Journal of Healthcare Quality Research State of health in the European Union: A European Health Index
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Vol. 34. Issue 6.
Pages 308-313 (November - December 2019)
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Vol. 34. Issue 6.
Pages 308-313 (November - December 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhqr.2019.07.001
State of health in the European Union: A European Health Index
Estado de salud en la Unión Europea: Un índice europeo de salud
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J.M. Fernandez-Crehueta,
Corresponding author
, J. Rosales-Salasb, S. de Ramosa
a Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
b Centro de Economía y Políticas Sociales, Universidad Mayor, Chile
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Table 1. Ranking of countries for the European Health Index (EHI).
Abstract
Introduction

In this paper we propose an index to measure the state of health of the 28 countries of the European Union.

Material and methods

Using the Principal Components Analysis method, we construct the European Health Index as a combination of six dimensions: (1) Working conditions, (2) General state of health, (3) Health system, (4) Quality of Life, (5) Mental health and drug abuse, and (6) Risk health factors, that are in turn made up of 29 distinct variables.

Results

We find the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Ireland in the first four positions, and Estonia, Lithuania, Poland and Bulgaria at the end of the ranking. Within the European Union, two blocks stand out above the rest, the ex-soviet countries and northern Europe.

Conclusion

The European Health Index could be used to assist public policies designed to improve health perception in regions where it is needed.

Keywords:
Health
Principal Components Analysis
Quality of life
European Health Index
Resumen
Introducción

En este artículo proponemos un índice para medir el estado de salud de los 28 países de la Unión Europea.

Material y métodos

Usando el método de Análisis de Componentes Principales, construimos el Índice de Salud Europeo (ISE) como una combinación de 6 dimensiones: (1) Condiciones de trabajo, (2) Estado general de salud, (3) Sistema de salud, (4) Calidad de vida, (5) Salud mental y abuso de drogas, y (6) Factores de riesgo para la salud, que a su vez se componen de 29 variables distintas.

Resultados

Encontramos a los Países Bajos, Dinamarca, Suecia e Irlanda en las primeras 4 posiciones, y Estonia, Lituania, Polonia y Bulgaria al final del ranking. Dentro de la Unión Europea, 2 bloques destacan sobre el resto, los países exsoviéticos y el norte de Europa.

Conclusión

El Índice de Salud Europeo podría usarse para ayudar a las políticas públicas diseñadas para mejorar la percepción de la salud en las regiones donde se necesita.

Palabras clave:
Salud
Análisis de Componentes Principales
Calidad de vida
Índice de Salud Europeo

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