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Inicio Journal of Healthcare Quality Research Assessment of quality of life of the patients with diabetic retinopathy using Na...
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Vol. 36. Issue 4.
Pages 225-230 (July - August 2021)
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Vol. 36. Issue 4.
Pages 225-230 (July - August 2021)
Original Article
Assessment of quality of life of the patients with diabetic retinopathy using National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ-25)
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S. Pawara,
Corresponding author
shrikant_pawar12@rediffmail.com

Corresponding author.
, A. Parkara, S. Menona, N. Desaia, D. Namrataa, K. Doleb
a Department of Pharmacology, STE'S Smt. Kashibai Navale College of Pharmacy, Kondhwa, Pune, Maharashtra 411048, India
b Department of Community Ophthalmology, PBMA's H. V. Desai Eye Hospital, 93, Katraj-Hadapsar Bypass Rd, Tarawade Vasti, Mohammed Wadi, Pune, Maharashtra 411060, India
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Demographic profile.
Table 2. Cronbach alpha values.
Table 3. Pearson's correlation between the domains of NEI-VFQ-25.
Table 4. Scores based on diabetes treatment.
Table 5. Scores based on visual parameters.
Table 6. NEI-VFQ-25 scores in different diabetic retinopathy populations.
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Abstract
Background

Diabetes affects most of the organs causing macrovascular and microvascular complications. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) results from the prolonged uncontrolled hyperglycemia which causes impairment of vision. Quality of life (QoL) of patients with DR is affected due to vision loss. National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) is the questionnaire used to study the effect of DR on QoL.

Objectives

To assess the QoL of the patients with DR.

Materials and methods

The study enrolled 149 (male-104 and female 45) patients with DR. The previous translated and validated version of NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire was used in the study.

Results

Cronbach alpha for internal consistency was between 0.6 and 0.8. The male patient showed significantly higher (p<0.05) QoL scores (60.73±1.63) as compared to the female patients (53.15±2.84). Hypertensive patients showed poor QoL as compared to non-hypertensive patients. The patients with a history of diabetes for 16–30 yrs. showed better QoL as compared to other patients.

Conclusion

DR affects the QoL of life of patients. Routine assessment of QoL using NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire would be useful for physicians and health care team.

Keywords:
Diabetes
Retinopathy
Quality of life
Resumen
Antecedentes

La diabetes afecta a la mayoría de los órganos provocando complicaciones macrovasculares y microvasculares. La retinopatía diabética (RD) es el resultado de la hiperglucemia incontrolada prolongada que causa deterioro de la visión. La calidad de vida (CdV) de los pacientes con RD se ve afectada debido a la pérdida de visión. El Cuestionario de funcionamiento visual (VFQ-25) es el cuestionario que se utiliza para estudiar el efecto de la RD en la calidad de vida.

Objetivos

Evaluar la CV de los pacientes con RD.

Materiales y métodos

El estudio reclutó a 149 (hombres-104 y mujeres 45) pacientes con RD. En el estudio se utilizó la versión anterior traducida y validada del cuestionario VFQ-25. Resultados El alfa de Cronbach para la consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,6 y 0,8. El paciente masculino mostró puntuaciones de calidad de vida significativamente más altas (p <0,05) (60,73±1,63) en comparación con las mujeres (53,15±2,84). Los pacientes hipertensos mostraron una calidad de vida deficiente en comparación con los pacientes no hipertensos. Los pacientes con antecedentes de diabetes de 16 a 30 años. mostró una mejor calidad de vida en comparación con otros pacientes.

Conclusión

El cuestionario VFQ-25 sería útil para que los médicos y el equipo de atención médica evalúen y mejoren la calidad de vida de los pacientes con RD.

Palabras clave:
Diabetes
Retinopatía
Calidad de vida

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