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Inicio Global Economics and Management Review Reasons that lead companies to withdraw from interorganizational networks
Journal Information
Vol. 21. Issue 1.
Pages 2-12 (January - December 2016)
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Vol. 21. Issue 1.
Pages 2-12 (January - December 2016)
DOI: 10.1016/j.gemrev.2016.11.001
Reasons that lead companies to withdraw from interorganizational networks
Leander Luiz Klein
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Breno Augusto Diniz Pereira
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
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Figures (2)
Tables (2)
Table 1. Types of interorganizational relationships.
Table 2. Characteristics of the surveyed networks.
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The cooperation of companies in networks is a strategy used by managers to act in their business sector, aiming to add more value to their companies and create competitive advantage. The literature on this topic exposes many benefits of acting collaboratively in networks, but little is known about the factors that lead companies to withdraw from horizontal networks. This paper aims to investigate which factors drive companies to leave interorganizational networks. In order to do this, we conducted a qualitative research with seven interorganizational networks from which companies were withdrawing. Data was collected by interviewing the presidents of these seven networks and the owners of 11 companies that withdrew from them. The results outline a set of factors that lead companies to leave networks. Among the most cited are: lack of criteria for member selection, lack of trust, lack of commitment, and opportunism and individualism of some of the members. We concluded that most of these factors are intrinsically related and result in limiting the potential of the network to add value and obtain higher possibilities of competitive advantage for its members.

Interorganizational networks
Network problems
Companies leaving networks
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