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Inicio Cirugía Española (English Edition) Respond to the Letter: The COVID-19 Health Crisis: The Surgeon Role
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Vol. 98. Issue 7.
Pages 421-422 (August - September 2020)
Vol. 98. Issue 7.
Pages 421-422 (August - September 2020)
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.cireng.2020.04.015
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Respond to the Letter: The COVID-19 Health Crisis: The Surgeon Role
Respuesta a la carta: Crisis sanitaria COVID-19: el papel de un cirujano
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José M. Balibreaa,b,c,d,
Corresponding author
balibrea@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Josep M. Badiab,c,e,f, Salvador Morales-Condec,g
a Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
b Sección Infección Quirúrgica de la AEC, Spain
c Grupo de Trabajo COVID-19 AEC, Spain
d Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
e Hospital de Granollers, Granollers, Barcelona, Spain
f Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
g Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain
Related content
Cir Esp. 2020;98:420-110.1016/j.cireng.2020.04.016
Alejandra García-Novoa, Isabel Casal-Beloy
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To the Editor:

In representation of the Surgical Infection Division and the COVID-19 Working Group of the AEC, first we would like endorse the correct assessment made by our colleagues, Dr. García-Novoa and Dr. Casal-Beloy, regarding the current situation.1 We would also like to comment on some aspects of the measures that, as a Society, are being implemented.

Indeed, the terrible SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic is the greatest challenge that contemporary medicine has ever experienced. Throughout, the role of surgeons has been key, redefining leadership roles in the healthcare system through versatility, assuming very diverse responsibilities, and adapting our work to the circumstances.2,3

The intention of the AEC is to provide maximum support to the surgical community, as well as the entire health system, through different positioning documents, guidelines for specific situations, answers to specific questions and initiatives with real-time interaction like webinars.4

Thus, we have prioritized creating safe, structured environments in which to conduct surgery in the current context, providing recommendations for performing surgical procedures and efficiently managing resources, especially in the context of patients whose surgery cannot be delayed.5

All of these recommendations are dynamic and are reviewed every few days, as the knowledge about the pandemic is growing exponentially and rapidly. Likewise, we do not have scientific evidence available for many of the aspects that affect surgeons’ daily activities. Based on accumulated experience, there is a general consensus among all international surgical societies of the need to rule out the presence or absence of COVID-19 infection in all surgical patients, using various screening tests according to their availability. Recommendations on the suitability of minimally invasive surgery continue to fluctuate and are controversial since the quality of the studies is very low. In addition, we lack specific studies about the transmissivity of SARS-CoV-2 through the aerosols generated during laparoscopy.6 One of the challenges is to determine what part of our medical practice can continue to be carried out safely to so-called “second and third victims” of the pandemic: infected healthcare professionals and, above all, patients who receive treatments that do not provide the best results.

Surgical procedures in cancer patients represent the other side of this challenge as they are priority patients, but they are also fragile and many are immunosuppressed. The impact of the inflammatory response to surgery itself could aggravate the symptoms caused by COVID-19, especially in asymptomatic undiagnosed patients; meanwhile, non-infected patients could be exposed to nosocomial infection due to this virus. Thus, in addition to the aforementioned screening, recommendations for oncological surgery must take into account: the availability of local hospital resources; the assessed benefits of surgery and tumor characteristics (including the risk of delaying the procedure); and lastly, the estimated morbidity associated with the surgical procedure and potential need for ICU care and/or ventilatory support. These have been organized according to theoretical scenarios (probably changing) based on the number of expected COVID-19 admissions and their impact on available resources.7

Thus, from the AEC itself, our wish is to make all possible resources available to our members and the entire surgical community, so that we are all able to face a truly devastating and uncertain situation. However, we are convinced that, as on so many other occasions, our knowledge, collective effort and dedication to the medical profession will lead us to prevail.

References
[1]
García-Novoa A, Casal-Beloy I Crisis Sanitaria COVID-19: el papel de un cirujano. Cir Esp. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.04.003.
[2]
M. Brindle, A. Gawande.
Managing COVID-19 in surgical systems.
[3]
A. Spinelli, G. Pellino.
COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives on an unfolding crisis.
[4]
Documentos de posicionamiento y recomendaciones de la AEC en relación con la cirugía y COVID-19 [Accessed 4 April 2020]. Available in: https://www.aecirujanos.es/Documentos-de-posicionamiento-y-recomendaciones-de-la-AEC-en-relacion-con-la-cirugia-y-COVID19_es_1_152.html.
[5]
J.M. Balibrea, J.M. Badia, I. Rubio Pérez, E. Martín Antona, E. Álvarez Peña, S. García Botella, et al.
Manejo quirúrgico de pacientes con infección por COVID-19. Recomendaciones de la Asociación Española de Cirujanos.
[6]
SAGES and EAES Recommendations Regarding Surgical Response to COVID-19 Crisis [Accessed 4 April 2020] Available in: https://www.sages.org/recommendations-surgical-response-covid-19/.
[7]
¿Qué debemos saber los cirujanos en los casos de patología oncológica en el contexto de la pandemia pir COVID-19 (SARS COV-S2)? [Accessed 4 April 2020]. Available in: https://www.aecirujanos.es/files/noticias/152/documentos/Pacientes_oncologicos_y_covid19_v2.pdf.

Please cite this article as: Balibrea JM, Badia JM, Morales-Conde S. Respuesta a la carta: Crisis sanitaria COVID-19: el papel de un cirujano. Cir Esp. 2020;98:421–422.

Copyright © 2020. AEC
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