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Inicio Cirugía Española (English Edition) Oral health and gastrointestinal neoplasia: Narrative review
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Vol. 99. Issue 10.
Pages 716-723 (December 2021)
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Vol. 99. Issue 10.
Pages 716-723 (December 2021)
Review article
Oral health and gastrointestinal neoplasia: Narrative review
Salud oral y neoplasia gastrointestinal. Revisión narrativa
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Elisabet Nogueraa, María Sorribasb, Víctor Admellab, Sebastiano Biondob,
Corresponding author
sbn.biondo@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
a Grado de Odontología, Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
b Servicio de Cirugía General y Digestiva, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, Universidad de Barcelona, IDIBELL (Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Bellvitge), Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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Abstract

The oral cavity represents the gateway to the complex digestive system, so the knowledge of the exact mechanisms that link them is vitally important. Recently, oral and dental pathologies have been studied as potential risk factors for pathologies linked to lifestyle habits. Therefore, it could be considered as an interesting preventive way.

We conducted a narrative review with a thorough bibliographic search on MEDLINE and SCOPUS, including international studies related to oral healthcare and gastrointestinal neoplasms, published between 2015 and 2020.

The primary aim of this revision is to analyze the association between oral healthcare and carcinogenic gastrointestinal processes, providing a possible future preventive strategy for dental care. Moreover, we intend to raise awareness about the importance of oral healthcare as a new paradigm and study variable in the global health care system.

Keywords:
Oral healthcare
Gastrointestinal neoplasms
Oral microbiota
Dentistry
Resumen

La cavidad oral constituye la puerta de entrada al complejo sistema digestivo, por lo que el conocimiento de los mecanismos que los vinculan es de vital importancia. En los últimos años la patología dental y oral ha sido analizada como potencial factor de riesgo de enfermedades vinculadas al estilo de vida y, por tanto, se está considerando como una posible interesante vía de prevención.

Realizamos una revisión narrativa con búsqueda bibliográfica exhaustiva en las bases de datos MEDLINE y SCOPUS, incluyendo artículos internacionales que relacionan la salud oral con neoplasias del tracto digestivo, publicados entre 2015 y 2020.

El objetivo de esta revisión es analizar la evidencia existente sobre la potencial asociación entre salud bucodental y procesos carcinogénicos del tracto gastrointestinal, proporcionando una posible futura vía de prevención a nivel odontológico. Como objetivo secundario, se fomenta concienciar sobre la importancia de la salud oral como nuevo paradigma y variable de estudio en el ámbito de la investigación médico-sanitaria.

Palabras clave:
Salud bucodental
Neoplasias gastrointestinales
Microbiota oral
Odontología

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