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Journal Information
Vol. 47. Issue 6.
Pages 558-563 (November - December 2019)
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Vol. 47. Issue 6.
Pages 558-563 (November - December 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2019.03.002
Turkish teachers’ self-efficacy to manage food allergy and anaphylaxis: A psychometric testing study
M. Ozturk Haney
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, S. Ozbıcakcı, G. Karadağ
Public Health Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
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Figures (1)
Tables (3)
Table 1. Teachers’ self-efficacy in managing food allergy and anaphylaxis (n=282).
Table 2. Model fit indices for confirmatory factor analysis.
Table 3. Multiple regression analysis of factors affecting teachers’ self-efficacy.
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Introduction and objectives

Food allergy in school children ranges between 5.7 and 6.4% in Turkey. Studies emphasize the importance of improving school personnel's self-efficacy in managing food allergy and anaphylaxis. However, a brief and valid measurement tool for school personnel is not available in Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the School Personnel's Self-efficacy in Managing Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis (SPSMFAA-T) scale with teachers.

Patients or materials and methods

This methodological study was conducted by 282 primary school teachers. Data were collected with a demographic characteristics form and SPSMFAA-T. The psychometric properties of the SPSMFAA-T were evaluated by content, discriminant, construct validity and internal consistency.


Cronbach's alpha for the scale was 0.91 and item-total correlations were between 0.50 and 0.82 (p<0.001). The discriminant validity suggested that the scale successfully discriminated the teachers who had training on food allergy and anaphylaxis from the teachers who did not. The model fit indices of scale were determined to be the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) at 0.08, goodness of fit index (GFI) at 0.96, comparative fit index (CFI) at 0.99.


The results supported that the SPSMFAA-T was a valid and reliable measurement tool to assess Turkish teachers’ self-efficacy levels to manage food allergy and anaphylaxis in school setting. The scale can be used in education programs to improve school personnel's skills to manage food allergy and anaphylaxis.

Food allergy


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