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Vol. 73. Issue 3.
Pages 137-140 (May - June 2022)
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Vol. 73. Issue 3.
Pages 137-140 (May - June 2022)
Original article
“Omepralith”: A novel simulation model for training in sialoendoscopy
«Omepralith»: un modelo de simulación novedoso para el entrenamiento en sialoendoscopia
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Carlos Saga-Gutierreza, Carlos Miguel Chiesa-Estombaa,
Corresponding author
chiesaestomba86@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Ehkiñe Larruscaina, Christian Calvo-Henriquezb, Carlos San Josec, Xabier Altunaa
a Servicio de Otorrinolaringología-Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello, Hospital Universitario Donostia, Donostia, Gipuzkoa, Spain
b Servicio de Otorrinolaringología-Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Spain
c Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Biodonostia, Donostia, Gipuzkoa, Spain
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Abstract
Introduction

There are no previously described training models for learning or teaching how to remove lithiasis from the salivary ducts. Therefore, we present a new simulation model to enable us to faithfully represent the process of endoscopic lithiasis extraction by sialoendoscopy.

Materials and methods

A simulation model was developed using a pig’s head, omeprazole spheres were used to simulate lithiasis in the various ducts of each salivary gland and a Dormia basket was used to train in extraction of the lithiasis model.

Results

Twenty-seven residents in training and/or young specialists were successfully trained in this technique using this model. Twenty-six (96.3%) considered the model useful for training in the use of baskets; all of them were able to capture the omeprazole sphere in the salivary duct. A satisfaction rate of 92.25 out of 100 points was obtained through an anonymous survey.

Conclusion

We describe a novel simulation model using omeprazole spheres, which allows the surgeon to practice how to diagnose and treat obstructive pathology of the salivary glands in a risk-free environment guaranteeing the reproducibility of the technique in conditions similar to those of normal practice.

Keywords:
Sialendoscopy
Sialolithiasis
Training
Omeprazole
Salivary gland
Resumen
Introducción

No existen modelos de entrenamiento previamente descritos para aprender o enseñar cómo extraer litiasis de los conductos salivales. Es por ello por lo que presentamos un novedoso modelo de simulación que nos permite representar fielmente el proceso de extracción endoscópica de litiasis mediante sialoendoscopia.

Materiales y métodos

Se desarrolló un modelo de simulación utilizando la cabeza de un cerdo, se utilizaron esferas de omeprazol para simular la existencia de litiasis en los diversos conductos de cada glándula salival y se utilizó una cesta de Dormia para entrenar la extracción del modelo de litiasis.

Resultados

Veintisiete residentes en formación y/o jóvenes especialistas han entrenado con éxito esta técnica utilizando este modelo. Veintiséis (96,3%) consideraron útil el modelo para entrenar el uso de cestas, siendo todos ellos capaces de capturar la esfera de omeprazol en el conducto salival. Se obtuvo un porcentaje de satisfacción mediante una encuesta anónima del 92,25 sobre 100 puntos.

Conclusión

Describimos un novedoso modelo de simulación mediante esferas de omeprazol, que permite al cirujano practicar cómo realizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la enfermedad obstructiva de glándulas salivales en un entorno libre de riesgos, garantizando la reproducibilidad de la técnica en condiciones similares a las de la práctica habitual.

Palabras clave:
Sialendoscopia
Sialolitiasis
Entrenamiento
Omeprazol
Glándula salival

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