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Inicio Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología Terapia sobre revisión de vida basada en la recuperación de recuerdos autobiog...
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Vol. 40. Núm. 4.
Páginas 220-227 (Agosto 2005)
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Vol. 40. Núm. 4.
Páginas 220-227 (Agosto 2005)
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Terapia sobre revisión de vida basada en la recuperación de recuerdos autobiográficos específicos en ancianos que presentan síntomas depresivos
Life review therapy based on retrieval of specific autobiographical memories in elderly individuals with depression
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8497
J.P. Serrano
Autor para correspondencia
JuanPedro.Serrano@uclm.es

Correspondencia: Dr. J.P. Serrano Selva. Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Avda. Almansa, s/n. 02001 Albacete. España.
, J.M. Latorre, J. Montañés
Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Albacete. España
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Resumen
Bibliografía
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Estadísticas
Resumen
Introducción

el objetivo de este estudio fue examinar la eficacia de un modelo de revisión de vida, basado en el entrenamiento para la recuperación de los recuerdos autobiográficos específicos positivos, como tratamiento en ancianos deprimidos.

Material y método

se asignó aleatoriamente a 2 grupos — tratamiento y control— a 43 personas mayores con una edad comprendida entre los 65 y los 93 años, con sintomatología depresiva y sin demencia. Los resultados indican diferencias significativas entre los grupos experimental y control después de 4 semanas de práctica en la recuperación de recuerdos autobiográficos.

Resultados

en el postest, los sujetos que recibieron tratamiento mostraron menos síntomas depresivos y un mayor número de acontecimientos específicos recordados. Las conclusiones sugieren que la práctica en memoria autobiográfica, basada en el recuerdo de acontecimientos específicos, puede utilizarse en terapias sobre revisión de vida con efectividad y podría ser una herramienta útil en la psicoterapia con los ancianos depresivos.

Palabras clave:
Depresión
Memoria autobiográfica
Terapia cognitiva
Abstract
Introduction

the aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of a new model of life review based on retrieval of specific positive autobiographical memories to treat depressed older adults.

Material and method

forty-three adults aged 65-93 years with clinically significant depressive symptomatology and no dementia were randomly assigned to the treatment or control groups. The results indicated significant differences between the experimental and control groups after 4 weeks of practising autobiographical retrieval.

Results

in the post-test, individuals in the treatment group showed fewer depressive symptoms and retrieval of a greater number of specific events. The findings suggest that practice in autobiographical memory, based on retrieval of specific events, may be among the components of life review that account for its effectiveness and could be a useful tool in psychotherapy in older adults with depression.

Key words:
Depression
Autobiographical memory
Cognitive therapy
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Copyright © 2005. Sociedad Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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