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Vol. 18. Núm. 3.
Páginas 175-186 (Septiembre 2011)
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Vol. 18. Núm. 3.
Páginas 175-186 (Septiembre 2011)
DOI: 10.1016/S0121-8123(11)70052-4
Acceso a texto completo
Lupus eritematoso sistémico y embarazo
Systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy
Visitas
...
Luis Alonso González Naranjo1, Mauricio Restrepo Escobar2
Información del artículo
Resumen

El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) se asocia con diversos eventos adversos en el embarazo como parto prematuro, pre-eclampsia y pérdidas gestacionales. Gracias a los avances terapéuticos el pronóstico del embarazo en mujeres con LES ha mejorado. Además de las complicaciones relacionadas con el embarazo, las mujeres con LES tienen un alto riesgo de complicaciones médicas durante la gestación como hipertensión, enfermedad renal, síndrome antifosfolípido, diabetes pregestacional o actividad lúpica, las cuales afectan el curso de la enfermedad y empeoran los resultados del embarazo. El embarazo aumenta la probabilidad de recaídas del LES. Aunque no es posible predecir cuándo se presentará una recaída en una paciente, esta es más probable si la enfermedad ha permanecido activa en los seis meses previos a la concepción.

Palabras clave:
lupus eritematoso sistémico
embarazo
resultados obstétricos
Summary

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal loss, preterm birth, and pre-eclampsia. With treatment advances, the prognosis of pregnancy in women with SLE has improved. In addition to complications related to pregnancy, SLE women are at increased risk for medical complications during pregnancy such as hypertension, renal disease, antiphospholipid syndrome, pregestational diabetes or active SLE which affect the course of the disease and worse the outcome of pregnancy. Pregnancy increases the likelihood of a lupus flare. It is not possible to predict when an individual patient will flare, although flare is more likely if disease has been active within six months of conception.

Key words:
systemic lupus erythematosus
pregnancy
obstetric outcome
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Los autores declaran no presentar ningún conflicto de interés al momento de la redacción del manuscrito.

Profesor asistente. Sección de Reumatología, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Profesor auxiliar. Sección de Reumatología, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

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