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Vol. 23. Núm. 103.
Páginas 13-37 (Abril - Junio 2007)
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Vol. 23. Núm. 103.
Páginas 13-37 (Abril - Junio 2007)
DOI: 10.1016/S0123-5923(07)70008-6
Open Access
Transferencia de conocimiento en relaciones inter-organizacionales: su efecto sobre el desempeño de la firma receptora
Transferring knowledge in interorganization relations: Its effect on the performance of the knowledge receiving company
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Augusto Rodríguez Orejuela
Profesor Asociado, Facultad de Ciencias de la Administración. Universidad del Valle, Cali Colombia
Información del artículo
Resumen

Asistimos en los últimos años a un cambio en la forma de competir de las empresas. Frente a una visión individual y aislada de la competencia, se impone actualmente la responsabilidad colectiva en el marco de relaciones y redes de empresas. Desde esta perspectiva, la relación inter-organizacional se constituye en un instrumento de la firma para incrementar su dotación de competencias, y a esto puede contribuir de forma decisiva la implementación en la relación de mecanismos de transferencia de conocimiento. En este estudio desarrollamos, en primer lugar, una escala de medición del uso de mecanismos para transferir conocimiento en relaciones inter-organizacionales, distinguiéndose entre directivas explícitas, rutinas explícitas y rutinas tácitas. En segundo lugar, presentamos y contrastamos empíricamente un conjunto de hipótesis acerca de los efectos de uso de mecanismos de transferencia de conocimiento sobre el desempeño de la firma receptora. Los resultados indican que la utilización de mecanismos para transferencia de conocimiento contribuye a mejorar el desempeño de la firma receptora, si bien con efectos distintos según el tipo genérico de mecanismos de transferencia de conocimiento utilizado. Implicaciones para la emergente teoría de la ventaja competitiva inter-organizacional y la gestión de las empresas son también presentadas al final del artículo.

Palabras clave:
Transferencia de conocimiento
desempeño
relaciones inter-organizacionales
Abstract

Last years have been marked by a radical change in how firms do compete. The traditional vision of individual competition has been substituted by the relational paradigm of competing in the context of interfirm relationships and networks. From this perspective, the firm would increase its resources endowment establishing relationships with other firms, and the use of mechanisms to transfer knowledge from one firm to the other would make a significant contribution to this. In this study we, first, develop a scale to measure the use of knowledge-transfer mechanisms in inter-organizational relationships considering three generic types: explicit directives, explicit routines, and tacit routines. Second, some hypothesis about the effects of knowledge-transfer mechanisms on the target's firm are presented and empirically tested. Results indicate a positive effect, though with disparities among the different generic types of mechanisms analysed. Implications for the emerging theory of competitive advantage in inter-organizational relationships and managerial implications are presented at the end of the article.

Key words:
Knowledge transfer
firm's performance
inter-organizational relationships
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El autor agradece la colaboración del Instituto para la Exportación y la Moda (INEXMODA) y del Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico Textil-Confección (CIDETEXCO), de la república de Colombia. Este estudio recibió fondos financieros del Centro de Investigaciones Económicas y Competitividad Internacional (CIECI) de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Cali, Colombia, de la Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia y de la Universidad de Murcia, España.

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