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Vol. 46. Núm. 4.
Páginas 361-369 (Julio - Agosto 2018)
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Vol. 46. Núm. 4.
Páginas 361-369 (Julio - Agosto 2018)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2018.01.003
Resources to handle childhood asthma in Spain: The role of plans and guides and the participation of nurses
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M.I. Úbeda-Sansanoa,
Autor para correspondencia
ubeda_isa@gva.es

Corresponding author.
, A. Cano-Garcinuñob, S. Rueda-Estebanc, M. Praena-Crespod
a CS La Eliana, Valencia, Spain
b CS Villamuriel de Cerrato, Palencia, Spain
c Unidad Neumología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
d CS La Candelaria, Sevilla, Spain
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Tablas (5)
Table 1. Demographic variables: resources and planning.
Table 2. Characteristics of patient care.
Table 3. Bivariate analysis (Chi square): association between having asthma plan/guideline in the Region with the resources and assistance.
Table 4. Profile of the groups formed in the Latent Class Analysis.
Table 5. Development of resources and asthma care for Primary Care Paediatricians.
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Abstract
Background

Describe the assistance provided to asthmatic patients by Primary Care Paediatricians (PCP) in Spain and the material and human resources available for diagnosis and follow-up.

Methods

A cross-sectional descriptive study using an on-line survey, sent to PCP regarding the availability of diagnostic resources, carrying out programmed and educational activities, collaboration of nursing staff and their relationship with existing institutional plans to care for children with asthma. A latent class model (LCM) was used to describe the differences among paediatricians based on the variables studied.

Results

Of the 708 answers, 675 were considered valid; 76% of the paediatricians had a spirometer, 75% specific IgE, 17% prick-test, 95% had placebo inhalers and 97% inhalation chambers. 57% performed programmed activities with their patients, while 56% shared their care of asthmatic patients with their nursing staff, but only 25% of the nurses were involved in the follow-up and 12% in education. LCM identified four patterns. The two groups with greater access to diagnostic resources counted on institutional plans/guidelines. However, the only variable differentiating the groups with more programmed and educational activities was the participation of nurses.

Conclusions

The availability of asthma plans/guidelines and resources for diagnosis and follow-up is not sufficient to improve important aspects of primary care for children with asthma. Organisational changes are necessary to include programmed asthma-related visits and paediatric teams with greater involvement of the nurses when caring for these patients.

Keywords:
Asthma
Disease management
Guidelines
Health plan implementation
Health resources
National Health Program
Patient education
Paediatrics
Primary health care
Abbreviations:
AEPap
GPs
LCM
PC
PCP

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