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Vol. 20. Issue 2.
Pages 84-88 (July - December 2019)
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Vol. 20. Issue 2.
Pages 84-88 (July - December 2019)
History of Vaccinology
DOI: 10.1016/j.vacune.2019.10.003
Balmis according to Humboldt
Balmis según Humboldt
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J. Tuells
Corresponding author
tuells@ua.es

Corresponding author.
, B. Echániz Martínez
Cátedra Balmis de Vacunología, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
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Table 1. Humboldt and Balmis in America (1798–1804).
Abstract

The work of the German geographer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain (1811), allows us to undertake a review of smallpox epidemics that affected the population of New Spain during the XVIII century and the arrival and development subsequent vaccine against the disease in those territories. On the other hand, since that humbolditana cosmogony, it is also invited to reflect on the significance of the Royal Expedition and the figure of its director, Francisco Balmis, compared with the Humboldt himself and his experience in New Spain.

Keywords:
Alexander von Humboldt
Francisco Balmis
Expedition
Smallpox
Vaccine
New Spain
Resumen

La obra del geógrafo y naturalista alemán Alexander von Humboldt, Ensayo político sobre el Reino de la Nueva España (1811), nos permite abordar una revisión de las epidemias de viruelas que afectaron a la población novohispana durante el Setecientos, así como la llegada y desarrollo posterior de la vacuna contra esta enfermedad en aquellos territorios. Por otro lado, desde esa cosmogonía humbolditana, también se invita a una reflexión sobre la trascendencia de la Real Expedición y la figura de su director, Francisco Balmis, en comparación con la del propio Humboldt y su experiencia en Nueva España.

]Palabras clave:
Alexander von Humboldt
Francisco Balmis
Expedición
Viruela
Vacuna
Nueva España

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