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Journal Information
Vol. 13. Issue 1.
Pages 47-48 (January - March 2020)
Vol. 13. Issue 1.
Pages 47-48 (January - March 2020)
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpsmen.2019.04.001
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Cardiovascular safety profile of tianeptine
Perfil de seguridad cardiovascular de la tianeptina
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Omar Walid Muquebil Ali Al Shaban Rodríguez
Corresponding author
muquebilrodriguez@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Juan Bermúdez Rivera, Ángeles Hevia Maroto, Isabel Menéndez Miranda, Juan José Martínez Jambrina
Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital Universitario San Agustín, Avilés, Asturias, Spain
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Dear Editor,

Having read with interest the recent article “Tianeptina, un abordaje farmacológico atípico de la depresión” (Tianeptine, an atypical pharmacological approach to depression”1 we would like to make a number of comments. Firstly, we would like to highlight the complete and thorough nature of this article, which illustrates a mechanism of action that to date has been incompletely and even contradictorily described in the available literature. However, the article does not expand on the drug’s safety profile, therefore we performed a literature review using the Pubmed database, the results of which we considered would be of interest to report.

There are a series of Russian papers dated between 2002–2009 that analyse in depth the use of Tianeptine as a treatment for depression in patients with hypertension and ischaemic heart disease that show, in addition to the efficacy and safety of the drug as an antidepressant, additional benefits on blood pressure levels and even on parameters such as left ventricle remodelling after myocardial infarction.

The first paper we found regarding the cardiovascular safety of tianeptine dates from 1990, that shows that tianeptine did not cause orthostatic hypotension or increased heart rate. No changes could be observed on the electrocardiogram, and the cardiac conduction time remained unchanged.2 A second paper from 1991, concluded that the drug was well tolerated by depressed patients and did not induce significant cardiovascular changes in patients with cardiovascular anomalies or in alcoholic patients (including the elderly), fewer cases of orthostatic hypotension were observed than with other antidepressants, and suicide attempts with drug overdose did not result in death due to cardiovascular complications.3

Focussing now on the series of Russian papers, in 2004 a study found a decrease in the Beck Depression Inventory Scale associating 37.5 mg of tianeptine compared to basic treatment of stable ischaemic heart disease only (control group), which also resulted in a decrease in the number and severity of cardialgias, better control of blood pressure in patients with hypertension, an increase in exercise time during the exercise test, and an increase in the overall quality of life index.4

In 2006, a study on patients with ischaemic heart disease and coronary arteriosclerosis found a negative correlation between the difference in the weighted average variation on the rythmogram before and after treatment with tianeptine, and the difference in the relevant depression indices, with a high correlation coefficient (―.74; p = .035). Also from this same year, another study on 376 patients concluded that the addition of tianeptine to the treatment of patients with arterial hypertension and concomitant coronary artery disease improved the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment, in addition to being effective in depressive symptoms.6

In 2009, another study that used tianeptine found a reduction in affective symptoms, contributing to a positive impact on intracardiac and structural and geometric haemodynamic parameters of the left ventricle.7

There are at least three other Russian publications from this time (2002–2009) that appear in the Pubmed database, but in Russian and they are not accessible, although they also look at the cardiovascular safety of the drug and its efficacy.8–10

In summary, the cardiovascular safety profile of the drug seems very attractive, also in elderly patients, and the perspective of the potential to improve efficacy of the treatment of arterial hypertension in cardiac patients is extremely interesting, in addition to the different mechanism of action it presents, which opens the door to use in combination that could be useful in resistant depression. In bipolar depression, to date we have identified a single, very recent study that has not shown significant differences with placebo, but it is still early, therefore, to discount it for this purpose.11

Funding

There were no sources of funding for this paper.

References
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C. Álamo, P. García-García, F. López-Muñoz, C. Zaragoza.
Tianeptina, un abordaje farmacológico atípico de la depresión.
Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment (Barc.)., (2018),
[2]
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Lack of cardiovascular side effects of the new tricyclic antidepressant tianeptine. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study in young healthy volunteers.
Clin Neuropharmacol., 13 (1990), pp. 48-57
[3]
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Cardiovascular tolerance to tianeptine.
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Clinical efficacy of tianeptine in patients with ischemic heart disease and comorbid depression [Article in Russian].
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Trends in heart rate variability in patients with ischemic heart disease and depression treated with antidepressant tianeptine [Article in Russian].
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[7]
T.V. Dovzhenko, Iu A. Vasiuk, M.V. Semiglazova, V.N. Krasnov, A.V. Lebedev, K.V. Tarasova.
The clinical picture and treatment of depression spectrum disorders in patients with cardiovascular disease [Article in Russian].
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[8]
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E.I. Chazov, R.G. Oganov, G.V. Pogosova, S.A. Shal’nova, L.V. Romasenko, D.V. Shchurov.
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Kardiologiia., 45 (2005), pp. 4-10
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M. Kauer-Sant’Anna, B.N. Frey, A. Fijtman, A.C. Loredo-Souza, A.A. Dargél, B. Pfaffenseller, et al.
Adjunctive tianeptine treatment for bipolar disorder: A 24-week randomized, placebo-controlled, maintenance trial.

Please cite this article as: Rodríguez OWMAAS, Rivera JB, Maroto ÁH, Miranda IM, Jambrina JJM. Perfil de seguridad cardiovascular de la tianeptina. Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment (Barc). 2020;13:47–48.

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