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Inicio Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación (English Edition) Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy
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Vol. 66. Issue 6.
Pages 342-345 (June - July 2019)
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Vol. 66. Issue 6.
Pages 342-345 (June - July 2019)
Case report
DOI: 10.1016/j.redare.2019.01.006
Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Parálisis diafragmática unilateral tras colecistectomía laparoscópica
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E. Díez Castillo
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, S. Telletxea Benguria, K. Intxaurraga Fernández, B. Esnaola Iriarte
Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor, Hospital de Galdakao-Usansolo, Galdakao, Vizcaya, Spain
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Abstract

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is currently assumed to be the standard gold treatment of acute biliary tract pathology. Despite its many advantages compared to classical open surgery, it is not without complications.

The case is presented of an 82 year-old male patient who, after the diagnosis of cholecystitis gangrenous, was urgently intervened using laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During the first 24h after the surgery, he had an episode of acute respiratory failure, for which he was admitted to the Resuscitation Unit. Studies performed later showed a paralysis of the right diaphragm that was probably related to the surgery.

Keywords:
Cholecystectomy
Laparoscopy
Diaphragm paralysis
Phrenic nerve
Resumen

La colecistectomía laparoscópica supone hoy en día el tratamiento gold estándar de la patología aguda de la vía biliar. A pesar de las numerosas ventajas que presenta respecto a la cirugía abierta clásica, no está exenta de complicaciones.

Presentamos el caso de un paciente varón de 82 años que tras el diagnóstico de colecistitis gangrenosa es intervenido de urgencia de colecistectomía laparoscópica, presentando en las primeras 24h del postoperatorio un episodio de insuficiencia respiratoria aguda, motivo por el cual ingresa en reanimación. Los estudios realizados a posteriori mostraron una parálisis del hemidiafragma derecho, probablemente relacionada con la cirugía.

Palabras clave:
Colecistectomía
Laparoscopia
Parálisis diafragma
Nervio frénico

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