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Vol. 65. Issue 1.
Pages 41-48 (January 2018)
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Vol. 65. Issue 1.
Pages 41-48 (January 2018)
Continuing education
DOI: 10.1016/j.redare.2017.11.010
Guidelines and algorithms for managing the difficult airway
Guías y algoritmos para el manejo de la vía aérea difícil
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M.A. Gómez-Ríosa,b,
Corresponding author
magoris@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, L. Gaitinic,e, I. Matterd,e, M. Somric,d
a Departamento de Anestesiología y Medicina Perioperativa, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña, La Coruña, Galicia, Spain
b Grupo de Anestesiología y Tratamiento del Dolor, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), La Coruña, Galicia, Spain
c Department of Anesthesiology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
d Department of Surgery, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
e Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Limitations of the guidelines and algorithms of the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the Difficult Airway Society.
Table 2. Predictors of difficult airways.
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Additional material (2)
Abstract

The difficult airway constitutes a continuous challenge for anesthesiologists. Guidelines and algorithms are key to preserving patient safety, by recommending specific plans and strategies that address predicted or unexpected difficult airway. However, there are currently no “gold standard” algorithms or universally accepted standards. The aim of this article is to present a synthesis of the recommendations of the main guidelines and difficult airway algorithms.

Keywords:
Guidelines
Algorithms
Airway
Difficult airway
Anaesthesia
Resumen

La vía aérea difícil constituye un continuo desafío para el anestesiólogo y su tratamiento es una de las tareas de mayor exigencia al representar un riesgo vital. Las guías y algoritmos juegan un papel clave en la preservación de la seguridad del paciente al recomendar planes y estrategias específicos para abordar la vía aérea difícil prevista o inesperada. Sin embargo, no existen actualmente algoritmos «de referencia», ni estándares universalmente aceptados. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una síntesis de las recomendaciones de las principales guías y algoritmos de la vía aérea difícil.

Palabras clave:
Guías
Algoritmos
Vía aérea
Vía aérea difícil
Anestesia

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