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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 372-379 (October - December 2023)
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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 372-379 (October - December 2023)
Review Article
Is it possible to prevent the progression of mild cognitive impairment through non-pharmacological treatments?
¿Es posible impedir el progreso del deterioro cognitivo leve por medio de tratamientos no farmacológicos?
Yeimi Yulie Romero Reyes
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Lina Paola Andrade Valbuena
Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios, Cundinamarca, Soacha, Colombia
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Table 1. Psychotherapies in mild cognitive impairment with most relevant findings identified during the review.
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Mild cognitive impairment produces slight cognitive and motor disturbances without affecting daily life during aging, however, if this symptomatology is not controlled, the speed of deterioration can increase, and even some cases of dementia can appear in the elderly population.


To describe non-pharmacological therapies that seek to prevent, control and reduce the symptoms of mild cognitive impairment.


An initial search was carried out in the databases of PubMed, Lilacs, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Taylor & Francis and ProQuest. The results found were filtered through the PRISMA system and biases evaluated using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions.


Four categories of non-pharmacological therapies were created, using 50 articles found in the search, which contribute to controlling and improving cognitive and motor areas, in order to reduce the symptoms presented by mild cognitive impairment. The treatments have different methods, instruments and objectives, so that no meta-analysis of the studies could be performed. In addition, limitations related to the sample, the effectiveness of the results and the methodological quality were found.


It was found that non-pharmacological therapies prevent, improve and control the symptoms caused by mild cognitive impairment, however, it is necessary to carry out more studies with better methodologies to corroborate these results.

Mild cognitive impairment
Alternative therapies

El deterioro cognitivo leve produce ligeras perturbaciones cognitivas y motoras que no afectan a la vida cotidiana durante el envejecimiento; sin embargo, de no controlarse este síntoma, puede aumentar la velocidad del deterioro e incluso pueden manifestarse algunos casos de demencia en los adultos mayores.


Describir los tratamientos no farmacológicos para prevenir, controlar y reducir los síntomas del deterioro cognitivo leve.


Se realizó una búsqueda inicial en las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Taylor & Francis y ProQuest. Los resultados se filtraron a través del sistema PRISMA y se evaluaron los sesgos mediante el Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones.


Se construyeron 4 categorías de tratamientos no farmacológicos con los 50 artículos encontrados en la búsqueda, las cuales contribuyen a controlar y mejorar áreas cognitivas y motoras con el fin de reducir los síntomas del deterioro cognitivo leve. Los tratamientos tienen métodos, instrumentos y objetivos diferentes, por lo que no se pudo realizar un metanálisis de los estudios. Asimismo se encontraron limitaciones relacionadas con la muestra, la efectividad de los resultados y la calidad metodológica.


Se encontró que los tratamientos no farmacológicos previenen, mejoran y controlan los síntomas del deterioro cognitivo leve, pero es necesario realizar más estudios con mejores metodologías que corroboren estos resultados.

Palabras clave:
Deterioro cognitivo leve
Tratamientos alternativos
Adulto mayor


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