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Revista Científica de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Neurológica (English ed.)
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Inicio Revista Científica de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Neurológica (Englis... Neurodegenerative disease and suicide
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Vol. 55.
Pages 25-32 (January - June 2022)
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Vol. 55.
Pages 25-32 (January - June 2022)
Original article
Neurodegenerative disease and suicide
Enfermedad neurodegenerativa y suicidio
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...
M. Gema Rodríguez Calero
Corresponding author
, Ana Belén Jiménez Galiano
DUE Servicio de Neurología del Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract
Introduction

The conceptualization of suicidal behavior is very complex and constitutes a worldwide health problem. Its etiology is multifactorial and in many cases preventable. Suicide and neurodegenerative disease have some risk factors in common, such as depression, feelings of hopelessness and social isolation.

Objective

To find out if patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Huntington's disease (HD) are more likely to present suicidal behavior than the general population and to ascertain the most relevant risk factors.

Method

A review of scientific articles in databases was carried out, as well as of protocols and documents published on national and government websites linking neurodegenerative disease and suicide.

Results

A clear relationship was found between suicide and MS, ALS and HD. Results in relation to PD and AD are somewhat contradictory but a series of risk factors were detected, the presence of which could predispose individuals to this behavior.

Conclusions

There is a greater risk of suicidal behavior in patients with MS, ALS and HD. A series of relevant risk factors associated with this behavior were found, knowledge of which will help us to detect warning signs and take early action.

Keywords:
Neurodegenerative disease
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis
Huntington's disease
Suicide
Resumen
Introducción

La conceptualización de la conducta suicida es muy compleja y constituye un problema de salud mundial. Su etiología es multifactorial y, en muchos casos, prevenible. Suicidio y enfermedad neurodegenerativa coinciden en algunos factores de riesgo como la depresión, los sentimientos de desesperanza y el aislamiento social.

Objetivo

Conocer si los pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson (EP), esclerosis múltiple (EM), enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA), esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ELA) y enfermedad de Huntington (EH) están más expuestos a presentar conducta suicida y cuáles son los factores de riesgo más relevantes.

Método

Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica de artículos científicos en bases de datos, así como protocolos y documentos de sitios web nacionales y gubernamentales relacionando la enfermedad neurodegenerativa y el suicidio.

Resultados

Se ha encontrado una clara relación entre suicidio y EM, ELA y EH, mientras que los resultados en EP y EA son bastante contradictorios, si bien se ha detectado una serie de factores de riesgo cuya presencia puede predisponer a este comportamiento.

Conclusiones

Existe mayor riesgo de conducta suicida en pacientes con EM, ELA y EH y a su vez se han encontrado una serie de factores de riesgo relevantes asociados a dicha conducta cuyo conocimiento nos ayuda a detectar signos de alarma y a actuar precozmente.

Palabras clave:
Enfermedad neurodegenerativa
Enfermedad de Alzheimer
Enfermedad de Parkinson
Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica
Esclerosis múltiple
Enfermedad de Huntington
Suicidio

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