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Inicio Radiología (English Edition) Vascular malformations and tumors. Part 2: Low-flow lesions
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Vol. 61. Issue 2.
Pages 124-133 (March - April 2019)
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Vol. 61. Issue 2.
Pages 124-133 (March - April 2019)
Update in Radiology
Vascular malformations and tumors. Part 2: Low-flow lesions
Malformaciones vasculares y tumores de partes blandas. Parte 2: lesiones de bajo flujo
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L. Florsa,b,
Corresponding author
florsl@health.missouri.edu

Corresponding author.
, K.D. Hagspiela, A.W. Parka, P.T. Nortona, C. Leiva-Salinasa,b
a University of Virginia Health System, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, 1215 Lee Street, Charlottesville, VA, USA
b University of Missouri Health System, Department of Radiology, One Hospital Dr, Columbia, MO, USA
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Abstract

Vascular malformations and tumors, also known as “vascular anomalies”, comprise an extensive variety of lesions involving all parts of the body. Due to a lack of a complete understanding of the origin and histopathology of such lesions, this field has been traditionally obscured by the use of an unclear nomenclature. Knowledge of the classification and clinical and imaging characteristics of this group of lesions is paramount when managing these patients. The objective of this series of two articles is to review the current classification of vascular anomalies, to describe the role of imaging in their diagnosis, to summarize their distinctive histopathologic, clinical and imaging features, and to discuss the treatment options. High-flow lesions were discussed in the first article of this series. In this second article, we will focus on low-flow lesions, including complex syndromes with associated low-flow malformations.

Keywords:
Vascular malformation
Hemangioma
Magnetic resonance imaging
Angiography
Resumen

Las malformaciones vasculares y los tumores, también conocidos como “anomalías vasculares”, comprenden una extensa variedad de lesiones en diferentes partes del cuerpo. El origen y la histopatología de estas lesiones no es del todo conocido, por ello este campo se ha visto ensombrecido por el uso de una nomenclatura poco clara. Conocer su clasificación, así como las características clínicas y de imagen es de vital importancia para el manejo de estos pacientes. El objetivo de esta serie de dos artículos es revisar la clasificación actual de las anomalías vasculares, describir el papel que desempeñan las pruebas de imagen en su diagnóstico, resumir sus características histopatológicas, clínicas y de imagen y debatir las posibles opciones terapéuticas. El primer artículo de esta serie versó sobre las lesiones de alto flujo. En este segundo artículo nos centraremos en las de bajo flujo, incluidos los síndromes complejos que asocian malformaciones de bajo flujo.

Palabras clave:
Malformación vascular
Hemangioma
Resonancia magnética
Angiografía

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