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Vol. 64. Issue 2.
Pages 119-127 (March - April 2022)
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Vol. 64. Issue 2.
Pages 119-127 (March - April 2022)
Original article
Prevalence of burnout syndrome during the COVID-19 pandemic and associated factors
Prevalencia y factores de desgaste profesional en radiólogos durante la pandemia COVID-19
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A. Oprisana,
Corresponding author
oprisan.anca@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, E. Baettig-Arriagadaa, C. Baeza-Delgadob, L. Martí-Bonmatía,b,c
a Área Clínica de Imagen Médica, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain
b Grupo de Investigación Biomédica en Imagen (GIBI230), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La Fe, Valencia, Spain
c Académico de Número de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the sample.
Table 2. Results of the dimensions that determine professional burnout among radiologists.
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Additional material (1)
Abstract
Background

The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic spread throughout the world from the beginning of 2020, increasing healthcare professionals’ workloads and levels of physical and emotional stress.

Aims

To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome in Spanish radiologists during the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with the development of this syndrome, and to compare these findings with those obtained before the pandemic.

Methods

This observation study took place between April 2020 and August 2020 (during the pandemic) through an online survey. A total of 150 responses were obtained. Demographic and work-related information was compiled. Burnout syndrome was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). The prevalence and characteristics of burnout syndrome obtained in this survey were compared with those of the same survey done in 2019. We performed a statistical analysis to identify possible risk factors and protective factors associated with this syndrome and to determine the homogeneity of the two samples.

Results

The prevalence of burnout syndrome increased during the COVID-19 pandemic (49.3% vs. 33.6%, p = 0.002). No risk factors or protective factors that were valid both before and after the pandemic were identified. No correlations were identified between sociodemographic or work-related characteristics and burnout syndrome.

Conclusion

This study demonstrates that burnout syndrome increased significantly in radiologists during the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting nearly half of all those who responded to the survey. These results underline the need to assess support for professional wellbeing of radiologists in Spain. No correlations were identified between burnout and gender, age, number of calls, years in the job, annual income, teaching, marital status, number of children, or type of contract.

Keywords:
Emotional exhaustion
COVID-19
Professional exhaustion
Depersonalization
Radiologists
Personal fulfillment
Resumen
Antecedentes

La epidemia por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) se ha extendido por todo el mundo desde principios de 2020, sometiendo a los profesionales sanitarios a una sobrecarga laboral y a un mayor nivel de estrés físico y emocional.

Objetivos

El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la prevalencia de desgaste profesional y sus posibles factores asociados en los radiólogos españoles durante la COVID-19, y su comparación con la situación previa a la pandemia.

Métodos

Estudio observacional realizado entre los meses de abril y agosto de 2020 (durante la pandemia) mediante una encuesta en línea. Se obtuvieron un total de 150 respuestas. Se recopiló y comparó la información demográfica y laboral de los encuestados. Se determinó la presencia del desgaste profesional con el cuestionario Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) y se comparó su prevalencia y características con el estudio realizado de la misma manera en 2019. Se hizo un análisis estadístico para identificar los posibles factores de riesgo y protectores asociados con este síndrome, así como un análisis de homogeneidad entre las dos muestras.

Resultados

La prevalencia del síndrome aumentó de forma significativa (p = 0,002) durante la pandemia COVID-19 (49,3% frente a 33,6%). Ningún factor de riesgo o de protección se ha identificado como constante antes y después de la pandemia. No se he identificado ninguna correlación del desgaste con las características sociodemográficas o laborales.

Conclusión

Este estudio demuestra un aumento importante del desgaste profesional durante la pandemia por la COVID-19 con afectación de casi la mitad de los radiólogos encuestados. Estos resultados destacan la necesidad de valorar el apoyo orientado al bienestar profesional de los radiólogos en España. No se ha identificado correlación entre el síndrome y género, edad, número de guardias, antigüedad, ingreso anual, docencia, estado civil, número de hijos o tipo de contrato laboral.

Palabras clave:
Agotamiento emocional
COVID-19
Desgaste profesional
Despersonalización
Radiólogos
Realización personal

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