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Vol. 54. Issue 1.
Pages 21-44 (January - February 2012)
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Vol. 54. Issue 1.
Pages 21-44 (January - February 2012)
Update in Radiology
DOI: 10.1016/j.rxeng.2011.01.004
Articular and periarticular tumors: Differential diagnosis using magnetic resonance imaging
Tumores articulares y periarticulares: diagnóstico diferencial con resonancia magnética
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A. Rodríguez Pan, A. Martínez Calvo, A. Ríos Reboredo, C. Méndez Díaz??
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cristinamendezdiaz@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, R. Soler Fernández
Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC), A Coruña, Spain
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Table 1. Classification of bone lesions located in joints or periarticular soft tissues.
Table 2. Classification of soft tissue lesions that may be located in joints or in periarticular soft tissues.
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Abstract

Most patients with articular or periarticular tumors present with chronic monoarthritis and nonspecific alterations on laboratory tests; thus, it is important to know the changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that can suggest their diagnosis and the differential diagnosis of these tumors.

MRI defines the anatomic origin and the tissue characteristics of articular and periarticular tumors, making it possible to reach a specific diagnosis in most cases. It is important to evaluate the MRI findings together with the plain-film findings because this helps in the characterization of mineralized tumors.

Keywords:
Magnetic resonance imaging
Articulations
Soft tissues
Tumors
Resumen

Conocer el diagnóstico diferencial de los tumores articulares y periarticulares y las alteraciones en la resonancia magnética (RM) que pueden sugerir su diagnóstico es importante porque la mayoría se presentan como una monoartritis crónica con signos, síntomas y alteraciones en las pruebas de laboratorio inespecíficas.

La RM define el origen anatómico y las características tisulares de los tumores articulares y periarticulares y permite realizar un diagnóstico específico en la mayoría de los casos. Es importante analizar los hallazgos de la RM junto a los de la radiografía porque ayuda a caracterizar los tumores mineralizados.

Palabras clave:
Resonancia magnética
Articulaciones
Tejidos blandos
Tumores

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